In my opinion, these are the best of the best of survival and preparedness articles gleaned from the 'net.

Please visit the originating sites to see more like them.

Sunday, May 6, 2012

Off-grid Carpentry

Bailey type No. 5 Jack PlaneBailey type No. 5 Jack Plane (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Original Article

I could also call this old-fashioned carpentry, since this list comes from Handy Farm Devices and How To Make Them, a book from 1907.

This is a list of the essential tools needed for a farmer in the ages before electricity. Mr D and I will use this as our checklist as we build up our tool collection. Where I could, and felt it necessary, I added notes and descriptions. Any thoughts?
  • Rip saw - the front edge is flat and the teeth are not angled forward or backward, allowing each tooth to act like a chisel instead of a knife so that the saw does not follow grain lines.
  • Crosscut saw - the front edge is flat, the cutting edge of each tooth is angled back with a beveled edge, allowing each tooth to act like a knife and cut horizontally through a trunk or piece of lumber.
  • Back saw - a handsaw with a stiffening rib opposite the cutting edge, allowing for more precise cutting.
  • Compass saw - a handsaw with a narrow triangular blade for cutting circles and curves in wood
  • Keyhole saw - smaller than a compass saw, this is the non-electric version of a jigsaw, with a long, narrow, tapered blade.
  • Scrub plane - plane used to remove large amounts of wood from the surface of lumber, it makes a deep, gouging cut
  • Jack plane - general all-purpose bench plane, the "jack of all trades", about 12-15 inches long, used after the scrub plane and before the jointer plane and smooth plane.
  • Fore plane (also called jointer plane, try plane or trying plane) is used to straighten the edges of boards or flatten the surface of a board
  • Smoothing plane - used properly, this gives a much finer surface than sandpaper or scrapers
  • Drawknife - this is a long, curved blade with a handle at each end and is used to shape wood by removing shavings
  • Two or three chisels of different sizes for woodworking
  • Cold chisel - a tool made of tempered steel used for cutting "cold" metals, ie., ones that have not been heated in some fashion
  • A gouge or two - similar to a chisel except that the blade edge is curved instead of flat
  • A good hatchet - a small, short-handled ax, usually with a hammer on the side opposite the blade
  • Two or three hammers, including a tack hammer (for small nails) and a bell-faced claw hammer
  • Brace or bit stock with a set of half a dozen or more bits of different sizes
  • One or more gimlets - a small tool for boring holes, having a shaft with a pointed screw on one end and a handle perpendicular to the shaft on the other
  • Mallet - a hammer with a rubber head
  • Nail set
  • Large screw driver and a small one
  • Gauge
  • Spirit level - where the bubble lets you know if the piece is straight
  • Miter box - for cutting precise angles, usually with a backsaw
  • Steel square
  • Compasses or dividers
  • Cut nippers - possibly an old term for tin snips?
  • A pair of small pincers and a pair of large ones
  • A rasp
  • A large, flat file
  • At least one medium-sized three-cornered file
  • A half-round file - a file that is flat on one side and convex on the other
  • A variety of nails, brads and tacks, screws, rivets, bolts, washers and nuts
  • Small bolts about 2 inches long with thumb nuts
  • Hinges, hasps, staples, sandpaper
  • A good plumb line, chalk and pencils
  • A pair of carpenter's saw benches, a shaving horse, a small anvil and a grindstone
  • Painting supplies, including several colors of good standard ready-mixed paints and stains, raw linseed (flaxseed) oil, boiled linseed oil, turpentine, varnish, putty, points for setting glass, several brushes of different sizes, a good putty knife and panes of glass of different sizes ready for emergency
  • Soldering iron, a bar of solder, resin, a little bottle of soldering fluid, which can be purchased already prepared, also a small sheet-iron furnace in which to heat the soldering iron - A non-electric soldering iron has a wooden handle and is available in different sizes. Like its electric counterpart, it is heated and then apply to the solder.
Enhanced by Zemanta

Recent Comments

Grab This Widget

Popular Posts