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Tuesday, April 17, 2012

Evaporated and Condensed Milk

Original Article

The U.S. government ordered huge amounts of Condensed Milk as a field ration for Union soldiers during the American Civil War. A typical ration in a 14 oz) can contained 1,300 calories, 1 oz each of protein and fat, and morecanned milk than 7 oz  of carbohydrate.  After the war as soldier returned home, this became a well-known popular product.
evaporated milkPet has been making canned evaporated milk since 1885.  The milk is evaporated to remove the water content from the milk.  When you open a can of evaporated milk it is much thicker than ordinary milk you’d buy at a grocery store.  Canned milk both evaporated and condensed became popular because the cans of milk could keep far longer than fresh milk, and didn’t require refrigeration until after they were opened.  About 60% of the water is removed from evaporated milk, accounting for its thickness.  Evaporated milk is fresh whole milk, with a little over half the water taken out.  It has vitamin D added.
Foods from the milk group provide important nutrients like calcium.  A ½ cup of evaporated milk provides approximately one cup from the milk group.

If you need milk around but lack refrigeration, as in the case of emergencies where you might lose power, evaporated or condensed milk is an excellent choice.  Without refrigeration the storage life of opened cans of milk are very short.

Store unopened cans in a cool, dry place off the floor.  Both Pet and Carnation indicate that the storage lives of their milks are approximately one year.  In reality, they are probably very conservative in saying one year.  Do not use evaporated milk if can is rusted, bulging, or dented.  Throw it away!

Evaporated milk can be used straight from the can in coffee and tea, on cereal or for mashed potatoes, gravies and sauces.  It can be used as a milk replacement in almost any recipe.

To use evaporated milk in place of milk or for drinking, mix with equal amounts of water.  Evaporated milk can be used for sour milk, or buttermilk.  For each cup needed, stir in one tablespoon of vinegar or lemon juice into one cup diluted evaporated milk.

What is the difference between evaporated & condensed milk?  Condensed milk is much sweeter.  In the

1850’s condensed milkBorden was first on the market with condensed milk.  The main difference between evaporated and condensed milk is that no sugar is added to the evaporated form.  It is merely whole milk from which water has been removed.
Sugar acts as an excellent preservative, extending the life of condensed milk.  It is important to notice the difference in sweetening between condensed and evaporated milk, especially when you are baking.  If you intend to substitute one for the other, the amount of sugar in the recipe has to be adjusted.

Both can be great additions to your storage.