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Sunday, November 21, 2010

Some common firearms terminology

I'm not suggesting that everyone needs to be well versed in firearms terms, far from it, it helps sep the wheat from the chaff in seconds in gunshows, meetings, and such. However, there are some good reasons for knowing proper terms, or at least terms that are in correct common use and my intention with sharing some of this is to spare some of the younger folks unnecessary embarassment or inconvenience if they're interested in firearms.

If someone wishes to use incorrect terms or has a reason to argue against proper terminology, that's not what this is about. I'm hoping that we can get some common terms down.

Walk into some gun shops and use the wrong terms and you'll be marked as a novice (and unsafe). In the nice, professional gunshops they'll generally school you. In one I know of, they'll toss you out because they focus on experienced shooters, LEO's and military. In the bad gunshops they'll smirk, make fun of you and not really provide help.

So it pays to know...

Some commonly confused terms:

1. Clip and Magazine.

With few exceptions, clip and magazine are very different, but without getting into the odd and confusing examples, let's make it simple. When you see a metal or plastic box like item that's inserted into the grip of a pistol or a magazine well what you're likely looking at is a magazine. A clip normally consists of several rounds held together by some sheet metal that's inserted into a magazine, either internal or external.

2. Revolver and Pistol.

A revolver might be a pistol (generally is, with a few exceptions), a pistol might be a revolver, but not all pistols are revolvers. A revolver is a firearm that has a cylinder that goes around, bringing each chamber into position so the bullet can go down the cylinder. A pistol is a handgun that can have any of many feed mechanisms, including automatic, revolver, single shot, etc.

3. Bullet and Round.

Narrowing this down to modern ammunition for simplicity, a bullet is the part that goes through the barrel and hopefully strikes the target. A bullet is part of a round, and a round consists of a projectile (bullet), a shell casing, propellant (powder) and a primer. This illustration shows the parts, and indicates a part of the casing, the rim. (and the primer consists of parts as well.)

Survival Water Storage

Whether you live in a region prone to natural disasters or if you are emergency survival preparedness minded, it is imperative that you store water for you and your family, BEFORE you think about storing food.
A human cannot survive without water for more than just a few days in a hot environment or at most maybe a week in a colder environment. That may seem unreal to some, but it is true.
The human body is about 60 percent water by weight. We normally get our water, H2O, from not only the beverages that we drink but also from the foods that we eat. We can live much longer without food, most doctors agree 4 to 6 weeks maximum.
This is why it is so important to build a water storage supply first, BEFORE you think about food storage.


Here is a very simple, economical, and practical way to build up a survival storage of safe drinking water.
First, obtain as many “food grade” five gallon buckets that fits the following formula.
One gallon of water per person per day. Survival water for one person for one month equals 30 gallons, or 6 five gallon buckets.


To be safe, the buckets should be food grade. You can find deals on quantity purchases of Food Grade five gallon buckets, which are usually white (not always), and will have an Icon on the bottom of the bucket that reads HDPE #2.
A very important clarification is that all food grade buckets are made of HDPE #2 (high density polyethylene) but not all HDPE #2 buckets are food grade. Buckets that are not food grade will out-gas and leach into the container, and whatever is in the container.
A side note, if storing food (not water) in five gallon buckets, you could use Mylar bag inserts, which allows you to use any type of five gallon bucket – food grade or not.


The lids need to be air tight and water tight to keep any little critters or particles out. A standard lid will work OK, especially if it has a gasket insert.
However, for tremendous convenience, I highly recommend a special type of lid, something that I have been using for all of my five gallon buckets, the Gamma Seal Screw Top Lid.
The Gamma Seal ring snaps on to the bucket and has a heavy duty O-ring gasket built in for a good air tight seal. The screw-in center of the lid easily spins in or out with little effort.
This is SO MUCH EASIER than prying off a standard lid, especially if accessed frequently for use or maintenance.


How to store water for an emergency

Clean and disinfect a five gallon bucket, ideally using a solution of 1 tablespoon of regular bleach added to one gallon of water to disinfect the surfaces. Dump out the excess.
Fill the five gallon bucket (food grade quality bucket) with tap water, leaving about one inch of space at the top.

Using a swimming pool water test kit, measure the chlorine level of the water in the bucket. It will probably measure about 1 ppm of chlorine (parts per million) if it was municipal tap water. Regions may vary.

An ideal chlorine level for water storage is about 2 or 3 ppm, so you will need to discover and add an appropriate amount of regular bleach to achieve this level.
My experience while using tap water of 1 ppm chlorine was to add 3 one-eighth teaspoons of regular bleach to the five gallon bucket. This brought the total chlorine level of five gallons of tap water up to 3 ppm. Once I discovered the correct amount, the rest was simple… fill the next bucket and add that amount of bleach, over and over until done.
It sounds complicated but it is not. If you use a simple pool test kit, it is really easy.
First, just add one-eighth teaspoon of bleach to the five gallon bucket, mix (stir), then measure the chlorine level (with a pool test kit). If the measurement is below 3 ppm, add  another one-eighth teaspoon, mix and stir, and measure again. Do this until you hit 2 or 3 ppm (don’t worry if it goes slightly over). Once you discover the total quantity needed, the rest is simple. Just add that same quantity to all subsequent buckets.


Seal the five gallon bucket. If using a Gamma Seal Screw Top Lid, be sure that you tighten the screw lid good and tight. Stack the buckets, ideally in a darkened environment, away from heat. Just be sure that the buckets are not exposed to direct sunlight for optimum results.
Now, don’t you feel better having some emergency water storage?

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Modern Survival Blog

I Like This!!!!!

I was looking around the web the other night and found this and liked it, so I am sharing it with all of you who read my blog.


A fireman is a fireman, not because he believes everything will burn, but because he believes much can be saved. Doctors don't believe in death, they believe in life, and a survivalist is not a survivalist because he believes everything must be destroyed and everyone must die, he believes that life and freedom can be saved, if people of good will are prepared. A fireman does not start fires, a doctor does not make disease and a survivalist does not make disaster.

Crime, disease, war, revolution, fire, flood, periodic financial collapse and famine are the results of nature and the nature of man and unfortunately are not within the power of anyone on this earth to prevent.

We all know that the sun will set each day, leaving us in darkness and we all know that warm summers give way to cold winters and that we can do nothing to keep the sun from setting or the cold winds from coming, does this make us pessimistic? I think not! So then, why is the survivalist called a pessimist when he makes ready to face events that are just as much a part of history and nature as the sunset and the changing of the seasons.

Another misconception is that survivalists are predicting world disaster. On the contrary, we seem to be THE OPTIMISTIC MINORITY that is predicting world survival. We are hard pressed to find any well recommended historians, economists, political scientists, sociologists or military strategists that can come up with a scenario that gives even a fifty-fifty chance of avoiding a large scale catastrophe, yet we survivalists dare to be OPTIMISTIC about the future. We survivalists do not need to predict the probability of disaster anymore than we need to predict the sun setting.

Those who criticize survivalists, are like men who refuse to look at a calendar, in the hope that through self-imposed ignorance they can keep from aging another year.

"You survivalists will be disappointed if we don't have a world cataclysm." Here is another accusation that is pure B.S. and I could not think of a milder phrase to describe it. We survivalists have loved ones we don't want to see hurt or killed, we have homes we don't want to see destroyed, we are not tools to think that just because we are survivalists a world cataclysm would be fun for us or that we would not experience danger, loss, hunger, injury, cold or even despair and death.
We have spent time and money to improve our chances for survival and recovery from disaster, but we would have a great celebration if some day we could be assured that we had wasted our time. No, we will not be disappointed if there is no disaster to survive, anymore than the Red Cross is disappointed when there are no floods and storms or the man who buys an insurance policy is disappointed when his house faiIs to burn down.

It may be said that the survivalist would much prefer the pleasant (but unlikely) surprise of being wrong to the (probable) deadly rude awakening that the nonsurvivalist will face if he is wrong.

So, you see the survivalist can not lose because his survival preparations will be of value regardless of what the future has in store. In time of crisis, those who have not prepared to turn to each other, will turn on each other.

It is most regrettable indeed, that many people consider survivalists as a threat and regard them with suspicion and even hostility. This attitude is logically indefensible and is rooted in the nonsurvivalists own sense of fear and guilt. Subconsciously, the nonsurvivalist may hate the survivalist for reminding him of how fragile his lifestyle is.

Now, let's get the facts turned around right. THE MOST DANGEROUS PEOPLE IN THE WORLD TODAY ARE THE NONSURVIVALISTS. Every person who has not made provisions for surviving without food, water, fuel and other essential needs from the outside, is a mortal danger to his neighbors.

What will a man do when he and his family are freezing, hungry, thirsty, sick and starving? He may ask or beg his neighbors for help, but when they have no extra fuel, food, water or medicine to give, will he just go back home to die with his wife and kids? What do you think? We survivalists who stock up on food and other supplies, now do a favor to society because what we now buy is replaced on the shelves, so there will be that much more available in an emergency. We survivalists won't be looting and killing for food. We won't be a burden on the medical facilities or a danger to the police. Since we will be able to turn to each other, we will not need to turn on anyone and we may be able to help at least some.

Survival preparation should be regarded as a social obligation, one that every individual owes to his family and community and his nation. The nonsurvivalist is simply a poor and irresponsible citizen.

So the reality is, that survivalists are optimistic, self- reliant individuals, who cannot help but see the imperative of preparing for the worst possible events, while hoping sincerely, that they won't happen. Today's survivalist is an asset, to his community and to the world and should be proud to be called SURVIVALIST.
From: Australia
Found at http://www.godlikeproductions.com/forum1/message932531/pg1

Radical Thinking in Uncertain Times

Credit cards
In order to survive the economic meltdown facing nearly the entire planet we all must re-evaluate our previously held convictions. Competing with your neighbors is out. Frugality is in. Credit is for slaves and cash is king. Even though we have all been programmed to consume there are people, rich people, who live very modest lifestyles considering their resources. Warren Buffet is a prime example. He still lives in the same modest house he bought years ago. He still eats at the local steak house. Even though he is rich he openly tells people to avoid credit cards. Like I have always said, if you do the exact opposite of what everybody else is doing, you will prosper.

The article below was re-posted from A Life Worth Living Blog-

The get rich quick industry is exploding. More and more people are acquiring the desire to expand their wealth as the global economy crumbles before their eyes. The concept of getting rich is an illusion. Except for a handful of ultra rich rock stars, most live very conservative lifestyle.

In a book called Stop Acting Rich: ...And Start Living Like A Real Millionaire, Thomas J. Stanley points out the facts. The majority of luxury consumers are frauds. They are the people that over extended their credit in order to maintain the appearance of wealth. They buy the finest threads, drive Mercedes, drink the finest wines, and dine at the Ritziest restaurants. Appearance is everything. Meanwhile Warren Buffet still lives in the same modest house in Omaha, Nebraska and eats regularly at the local steak house. Here is a real billionaire who could care less about appearances and neither should you.

While surfing the net I found an interesting article which inspired this post. It was an article about not following the trends and embracing a radical lifestyle in order to expand your wealth. In a nut shell, you have to do the exact opposite of what everybody else is doing. Here are 10 life changing rules taken from that post:

  1. Pay cash for everything. Yes, I know that people don't use cash much anymore, but there are some good reasons to do this, namely you will never go into debt if you only use the cash you have on hand for your wants and needs (be sure to get a receipt for all of your purchases)
     (Nomad adds- Taking into account the number of bank failures this year it's not a bad idea to keep your money in cash. If there is a sudden lose in confidence, the masses may run on the banks causing them to be shut down for a period of time. If that occurs you will not have access to your money.)

  2. Stop using credit cards and cut them up. Such an idea may be considered blasphemy in our credit-obsessed society, but (see number one above) if you never use credit cards, you will never be subjected to the interest, late fees, over limit fees, random reduction of credit limits, etc. imposed by the credit companies.

  3. Live on half of your salary and bank the rest.

  4. Buy the minimum that will satisfy your needs.

  5. Become debt free.

  6. Take care of your own needs. Mow your own lawn, clean your own gutters, color your own hair, and fix your own plumbing problems...

  7. Participate in the underground economy. Should your plumbing experiments go awry (see #6 above), do the next best radical thing and barter for the services you need. The underground economy also includes shopping garage sales, shopping thrift stores, buying from farmer's markets, and the like.

  8. Be self-employed. I cannot rave about this method of earning a living enough. Set your own hours, be as creative as you want, and work more/make more. All of these are good reasons to employ the best person you know, yourself!

  9. Learn from other financially radical people.

  10. Don't be afraid to be weird. You can be weird by having five part-time jobs that you love instead of one job that you can barely tolerate. You can be weird by working double time, living in your truck, then paying cash for a house after a couple of years of doing this. One man actually did this.
Source Article-Be Radical, Get Rich
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Bug Out List for the Non-Prepper

WD-40Image via WikipediaBug Out List...

This list is by no means totally complete but rather it is meant as a guide. This list is for friends or family that are not prepping and may join you and whatever they can bring will certainly help and they can grab it and join you quickly...

* Bed sheets, pillowcases, pillows, comforters, blankets, sleeping bags, cots, air mattresses, patch kits
* Bath towels, kitchen towels, washrags, hand towels, rags, scouring pads, sponges, rugs
* Old clothing, belts, boots, socks, cold weather gear, wet weather gear, shoes, underwear, bras, everyday clothing, insulated gloves, gardening gloves, cold weather gloves, hats, scarves, bandanas, shoestrings
* Cleaning items-laundry soap, bath soap, shampoo, dish soap, bleach, ammonia, scouring powder, toilet bowl cleaner (hydrochloric acid)
* Rope, twine, clothes line rope, kite string
* Matches, candles, candle holders, lamp oil/lamps/wicks, light bulbs, flashlights, batteries, lighters, lighter fluid, small lamps, car batteries, marine batteries, head lights
* Buckets, 5 gallon buckets with lids, 50 gallon plastic drums,cooking pots, skillets, cooking utensils, hot pads, measuring spoons, baking pans, loaf pans, muffin pans, measuring cups, plastic storage containers, silverware, knives, sharpening stones, bowls, stock pots, hand mixers, whisks, tea pots, coffee pots, plates, cups, bowls, pressure cooker, canning jars, canning lids/seals, can openers (non-electric)
* Toilet paper, old magazines, newspapers, paper towels, napkins
* Weapons, ammunition
* Aluminum foil, plastic wrap, trash bags, old plastic/paper sacks, coffee filters
* Folding chairs
* Radios, walkie-talkies, shortwave radios
* Condiments, flour, sugar, coffee, hot cocoa, tea, spices, salt, non-perishable food items, baking soda, vegetable oils, lard, shortening, cooking sprays
* Outdoor solar lighting
* Gas, oil, anti-freeze, WD-40, electrical wiring, extension cords, outdoor extensions cords(heavy-duty), hand tools, screwdrivers, hammers, nails, screws, bolts, brooms, mechanics tools, dustpans, mops, PVC/copper piping, pipe cement/connectors, pipe wrenches, channel locks, vise grips, vises, wrenches, pliers, sockets sets, battery chargers
* Hand saws, chain saws, axes, mitre boxes
* Liquor, alcohol (excellent bartering items)
* First aid supplies, vitamins, herbal medications, pain relievers, prescription medications, alcohol, peroxide
* Feminine hygiene products (pads make great bandages and both can be used as bartering items), diapers (disposable and cloth)
* Deodorants, razors, scissors, combs, brushes, toothbrushes, tooth paste, tweezers, nail trimmers, dental floss (can be used to suture wounds), oragel
* Bread ties, zip ties
* Garden seeds, fertilizer, peat pots, planting pots
* Sun glasses, reading glasses, safety glasses, magnifying glasses
* Shovels, rakes, hoes, trowels, wheel barrows
* Sewing kits, thread, yarn, knitting needles, yarn spinners, fabric, buttons
* Tents, cookstoves, portable toilets, grills, propane tanks, white gas tanks, gas cans
* Fencing, stakes
* Pillow batting, charcoal
* Broiler pan from gas ovens (to use as wash boards), cooking racks from oven
* Books on woodworking, gardening, how-to books
* Paper, pencils, pens, coloring books, crayons, cards, board games, books, cook books, DVD's
* Pictures (family photos)
* Gold necklaces/rings/coins, silver necklaces/rings/coins, copper necklaces/rings/coins
* Compass, wind-up clock, watches
* Coolers
* Back packs
* Canteens/flasks/water bottles
* Baskets, laundry baskets, plastic storage tubs
* Binoculars
* Road maps/atlas, back roads atlas of your destination
* Pets - pet food, leashes, collars, nail trimmers
* Electrical tape, duct tape, scotch tape
* Wire, wire coat hangers, wire cages for gardening
* Babies - diapers, clothing, toys, formula, baby food, bottles/nipples, drinking cups
* Wooden dowel rods
* Tarps, plastic sheeting, foam pads

It is not expected that you will be able to bring everything on this list, or have everything on this list. Bring what you can fit into your vehicle. This list is intended for friends and family members that are not preppers to use as a guide - every little item helps the sustainability of your group. Read it prior to when you need it so that it is familiar to you.

Erin aka Ernie

P.S. I may be adding to the list as I ponder, so be watching for updates. Suggestions welcome!

Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Indiana Forum at www.IndianaPreppersNetwork.net
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"Bugout Versus Hunker" Short Story by Christopher Young - Chapter 2

Charles reached into the pocket of his trousers, and
pulled out a small flashlight. He twisted the bezel,
and the light came on. Charles closed the front door,
and pulled the storm door shut. He used the small
light to go to the cellar, and turn on a battery power
fluorescent lantern which hung near the wood stove.
Charles took a couple sheets of news paper, and
crumpled them. He stuck the news paper into the
flue pipe of the wood stove, and lit it with an
Aim N Flame which was on the shelf next to the
wood stove. As the flue was warming up, Charles
was breaking kindling, and selecting some logs
from the indoor wood pile.

Butch was also using a flashlight, but his was a
6D cell Mag light, in black. He was going from room
to room waking up his family. Samurai had recommended
to flee to the hills, and he had never been wrong.
His family's lives were at stake, and he was
determined to save them. Butch's wife was not
convinced. She woke up enough to try the table
light on the night stand. Which didn't work.
Butch kept yelling at her that they had to get
out, and get out now. She finally woke up enough
to wonder if there was some real reason why he was
doing all this yelling in the middle of the night.

Butch's oldest child, a daughter. Walked out of her
bedroom in underwear, and pink fuzzy slippers,
holding her bug out bag. At age 13, she ought to
have been a bit more modest. Her habit was to sleep
nude, and could be seen at wee  horus of the night
going to the bathroom, without so much as a bathrobe.
She walked into the center of the living room, stood
at attention with her but out bag at her feet. This
had been the drill, so many times. And she knew the

The twin boys, now 10 years old, had also done the
drill. they dressed up in cammy pajamas, and also
brought their bug out bags to the living room. They
stood next to Big Sis, and also with bug out bags
at their feet.

Butch realized that there was no way they were
going any where, in pyjammas and underwear. He
ordered them back up to their bedrooms, to get
dressed, and shoes on. The kids hadn't seen the
web page or the TV, and didn't know what all the
yelling was about. They were just half way,
sleepily, doing what they were told. They went
back to their bedrooms. In the pitch blackness,
and got back into bed. The twins climbed both into
the same bed. They knew they weren't supposed to,
but some how they ended up in the same bed
before morning. The daughter did much the same,
but in her own bed, under the pink fuzzy covers.

Butch decided to get his own equpment loaded up.
He took his bug out bag to the truck, and threw
it in the back. Came in, strapped his pistol belt on
over his camouflage military coat. Picked up the
6D mag light again, and looked for where the kids
had gone. They had to hurry, the riots would be
here soon.

Charles knew where the kids were. In their beds.
They wouldn't notice the darkness until about 1
AM when they went to go to the bathroom. Charles
turned on a battery lantern. turned the LED light
down to the lowest setting, and put it in the
hall. The kids knew about the battery light in the
bathroom. Charles went to the cellar, and looked
at the two empty barrels he had just bought at the
local food packing plant. "Better now than later..."
he thought to himself. Charles got the length of
garden hose out of the garage. Hooked it to the
laundry sink, and put the other end in the first
of two barrels. Turned on the cold water.

Charles kindled a fire in the wood stove, and
then got down from the shelf, the box with the
crank up radio. He opened a pack of batteries,
and put in AA cells. Turned the radio on, and
turned to the local news station. The news he
was hearing didn't sound all that bad. But of
course, they wouldn't want to panic the sheeple.
Not sure how accurate the neews will be, coming
from the government controlled media. Still, not
a lot to do. Charles used his small pocket flash
light to check the water in the first barrel. It
was almost full. So he moved the hose to the
other barrel. Pushing it up against the wall,
as he did so.

Butch had to go chasing to find his kids. All
three had gone back to bed. He yelled and screamed
some more, and made the point clear that this wasn't
a drill, this was the real bug out. After a while,
the kids put clothes on. They took their bug out
bags, and headed for the mudroom and started
to put on their winter coats, and boots. Butch's
wife wasn't all that impressed either, but she
did manage to get her purse, and put on her coat,
and slip on her galoshes.

Butch chased them all out to the driveway, and into
the Bug Out Vehicle. The Ford Expedition had optional
four wheel drive, plenty of cargo capacity, and a
tow hitch. Butch backed the loaded vehicle up to the
little enclosed camper with the compartments full
of food. "Did you remember to buy more food after
our camp out?" Butch's wife asked. Butch remembered
that he had not, and he cursed. "Quarter!" a chorus
of munchkin voices cried from the back seat. Well,
actually, this might be a good time to get the
swear jar. They might need to buy some gas on the
way out.

Butch fastened his seat belt, and started the motor.
They would survive to live another day, and would
leave all these cursed sheeple behind. Samurai Butch,
he would be known.

As they pulled out of the driveway, the two twin
boys looked at each other. They both wore the same
expression. Dad  has flipped out of his mind.