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Monday, June 8, 2009

Storing your home Emergency supply of water

By Joseph Parish

We all can appreciate the fact that we must stockpile a adequate supply of water for our families use during any emergency condition. This is generally an straightforward chore if you approach the problem in a suitable manner.

Water can typically be stored in any type of portable or permanent container. These containers can be constructed of just about any type of substance ranging from plastic to glass. Used plastic milk cartons, bleach containers or even empty mason jars make outstanding storage vessels. You must however ensure that the container which you decide to use has never been employed for holding any type of fuel or toxic ingredient. Once you have found one wash it well with soap and water. Make certain that when you store the water you place a label on it signifying it as water and the date that you stored it.

Large qualities of water can be stored in a backyard swimming pool or in some sort of underground tank. Once again if you use a tank make sure it was not previously used for any toxic products. You would do well to try and find containers which can be stacked one on top of another since as in any storage location space is a premium. A hand pump of some sort is a good investment as five gallon containers can become extremely heavy when you try to pour yourself a glass of water.

A safe period of time to store water is usually 3 to 6 months maximum. Even then you will want to properly condition the water to prevent harmful bacteria from forming in it. Here are several ways that you can accomplish this as I will demonstrate below.

Bleach is an excellent way to render the bacteria harmless. Place approximately 8 drops of bleach in one gallon of water or if using a five gallon container put in ½ teaspoon. A quick rule of thumb is to let your container of water sit for about 30 minutes at which time if you can smell the chorine in the water it is safe to store otherwise you may need to retreat it.

Another method of canning water is by use of heat. In this method you would fill clean, sterile jars to within an inch of the top of the Mason jar. Place the jars in a pressure cooker for approximately 5 minutes or you can put them into a boiling water bath for 20 to 30 minutes. When you process water this way the water will be useable for many years. Inspect the jars yearly to ensure that the deals have not been broken.

Water should be stored in a cool location. Never let your water freeze as it will likely break the container if it does. Sample the water every three months and if it has a flat taste don’t get too excited as this taste is a result of the air being depleted in the water. Merely shake the container a few times to mix air in it. This will more then likely make the water as good as it was the day you bottled it.

Copyright @ 2009 Joseph Parish

Original: http://survival-training.info/articles11/StoringyourhomeEmergencysupplyofwater.htm

The ultimate fire safety device

By Joseph Parish

When evaluating the likelihood of installing fire escape ladders you are presented with two viable choices. You can install permanent fire escape steps to the outside of your home which has certain disadvantages. I would caution you greatly on this decision. Permanent steps are a sure invitation for burglars and others who may mean to harm you. In addition the initial cost is considerably more then using the portable rope ladder. The rope version is probably your best bet but you will have to instruct those who will use it in its proper operation.

It isn’t necessary to be residing in high rise apartment buildings in order to make good use of fire escape ladders. I live in a single floor home and we have some very strange windows that sit near the top of the ceiling. They are barely large enough for a body to climb through however, it is important that during an escape attempt that the person be able to get to the window as well as to descend on the other side. This is especially critic for a small child who could never jump high enough to reach the top.

Smoke detectors and alarms can only provide so much protection and then you must take the situation into your own hands in order to ensure the safety of your loved ones. One such measure that can be accomplished very simply is the use of fire safety ladders. Rarely do you ever hear mentioned that one of these inexpensive devices should be included in every home safety kit. In fact if you check the kits inventory listed on the net you will quickly discover no mention what so ever of these important devices.

These simple devices can be ready made and purchased over the counter or if you are handy with tools you can craft a fire safety ladder yourself at home. You would need to be well versed in making knots in heavy rope. After you have made one or two of them it is important that you instruct your young children in the proper use of these safety devices. Show them how they can use them to either get to the window or to descend to the other side. This would be a very good time to make sure that the window opens easily and that your child is able to open it as well. Paint build up on windows make it extremely hard for an adult to open let alone a small child. Don’t take anything for granted.

It takes very little time for a fire to completely take over a residence so time in this case is critical. Test and retest your child on these procedures until you are certain that in the event of an emergency they could very well accomplish the task at hand – saving themselves. Keep in mind that when the window is opened the added oxygen will quickly provide a boast to the flames and smoke which are engulfing the room so you must stress the importance of quick actions on the part of your child. It would only be a matter of a few minutes before the smoke prevents the child from seeing what he or she is doing and then panic will set in.

Make sure that a meeting point has been established outside the home and that your child knows that when they escape the flaming home that they are to gather at the meeting point for other members of the family.

Copyright @ 2009 Joseph Parish


For a PDF Version of this article to keep in your library click here

Original: http://survival-training.info/articles11/Theultimatefiresafetydevice.htm

The Definition of Survival Food

By Joseph Parish

Continually I stress that everyone should have a survival kit made up and ready for any sort of emergency that Mother Nature or fellow man can toss our way. I continually relate how this kit should contain certain essential emergency supplies as well as a selection of survival foods.

The question that I am asked by many people is just what survival foods are. They always ask if they must spend thousands of dollars for prepared packages of #10 cans or the military MRE packs. My immediate response is a loud “No”.

The strict definition of survival foods are just that - they are food which is placed in your kits or packs for use in survival situations. No where in the definition do you hear the words MRE or #10 cans. Most people who have followed any of my survival articles know that I propose using the supermarket canned foods as much as possible.

I like to stock up on foods which can be eaten directly out of the can if possible although I have an abundant supply of heatable canned food as well. Instant foods are one of my favorites for survival situations. The phrase “Just add water” holds very true to my survival intentions. Dehydrated foods have a good place in the backpacks and trunks of bug out vehicles when you think in terms of survival.

Of course this method of thinking makes storage of sufficient supplies of water all the more important. You must then not only have enough water for your family to drink but also for re-constituting your dried foods.

In all honestly I must admit that the dehydrated #10 cans of food are actually cheaper on the budget in the long run but their initial cost is greater as well. I have found that if you first stock up on supermarket canned foods and use what you store then you can slowly purchase the #10 cans of dehydrated foods. In this manner you save your budget from taking a beating.

Copyright @ 2009 Joseph Parish


For a PDF Version of this article to keep in your library Click here

Original: http://survival-training.info/articles11/TheDefinitionofSurvivalFood.htm

Using Honey and Corn Syrup in Jelly

University of Minnesota

On a one-to-one basis, neither light, mild honey nor corn syrup can substitute fully for sugar.

Honey can replace part of the sugar in recipes for jelly and related products, but not all of it. Products made with honey will have a darker color than those made with sugar as the only sweetening. The flavor, of course, will be slightly different.

Light, mild-flavored honey is best to use when making jelly. Consider its liquid content when it replaces part of the sugar in a recipe.

If you make jelly and add pectin, up to one cup honey can replace an equal amount of granulated sugar. For recipes that do not call for added pectin, honey can still replace up to half the sugar that is needed.

You may also use corn syrup to make jelly. Once again, consider its liquid content. In products made with no pectin, corn syrup can replace up to 1/4 the sugar. When you use powdered pectin, corn syrup can replace up to 1/2 the sugar. With liquid pectin, corn syrup can replace only up to 2 cups sugar per batch of jelly.

For future reference, you may want to obtain a copy of Extension bulletin HE-172, "Jellies, Jams and Preserve," which is available at your county office of the NDSU Extension Service.

Original at: Unknown

Green Tea Information

By Joseph Parish

Many people are completely taken back by the suggestion that all tea originates from the same plant - Camellia Sinensis. The fashionable Green tea is actually the outcome of vigilantly curing young camellia leaf by a multiplicity of different methods and by using varied amounts of heat in the preparation. In some countries you will discover that some types of green tea are cured with ovens comparable to those found in the home and surprisingly a few are actually pan fried in what appears to resemble a giant wok known in the industry as a ding.

The longer and the slower that the tea is cured the richer you will find the flavor of the finished tea. You could expend many hours searching for a green tea in China as that is a country of hundreds of diverse green teas. There is merely one style of tea prepared in China that uses a slower drying process then the green tea and that is the rare yellow tea. Now I would once again like to remind you that all teas including the green and the yellow use the same plant – the difference in them is the curing time.

The final products are characterized by their appearances as well as their province of origin. Usually the visual indications of the quality related to the various teas rest upon the size of the tea leaves. Generally, in this case bigger is not necessarily better as the higher quality teas actually have the smaller leaves.

Since powdered teas known as fanning, are the left over residue from the various tea processes it is naturally the cheapest of the tea. This powdered tea tends to seep quickly when placed in teabags, however since the surface of the tea has increased it stands a larger chance of oxidizing with the surrounding air. It is this reason that your higher quality green teas are never ground up. The best green tea that you can find is usually maintained in whole tea leave form; it is carefully packaged in airtight containers and preferably consumed within a two year period.

Copyright @ 2009 Joseph Parish

Original: http://survival-training.info/articles11/GreenTeaInformation.htm