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Thursday, April 23, 2009

Survival Eyecare

Posted in: Survival Medicine |

According to the CDC, 1 out of every 6 Americans has some type of vision or eye problem. This means that in the event of an emergency many individuals are going to need proper eye care, or face a lack of quality vision.Even if you have 20/20 vision proper car of your eyes is extremely important in a survival situation. Today, modern technology prevents poor vision from being a handicap, however in a survival situation poor vision can be a death sentence. Without glasses, contacts or Lasik surgery the individuals that lose their 20/20 eyesight in an emergency are more susceptible to injury or death, and have are less able to perform tasks like spotting help, hunting, and more.

Contact Lenses

Contacts seem like a poor option for a grid down situation (i.e. lack of basic services) because contacts are difficult to replace, are not sustainable, require considerable care, and are sensitive to dirt and dust. In short “they run out eventually”. Whereas glasses last until your prescription changes or you break them. But contacts do have an several advantages in an emergency:

-Contacts have a long storage life, 5-10 years in storage

-Damaged contacts are easily replaced

-Contacts are better for athletic or physical work since they hold to your eyes so closely

A great source for cheap contacts is 1-800 Contacts, but you can also obtain great deals at Sams Club, Costco or even Walmart. Just make sure you buy the brand name ones, you can’t skimp on quality when it comes to your eyes.


Glasses / Sunglasses

Prescription glasses and sun glasses are an excellent way to ensure good vision during emergencies or times of survival, mainly because they do not need to be replaced often. In an emergency glasses are easy to use, maintain and are fairly durable. The biggest problem with glasses however, is that they are very vulnerable to breaking, crushing or other external damage. A company called Wiley X manufacturers military grade glasses, goggles and sunglasses that will withstand impacts and other harsh punishments. Some even withstand fire and blasts (might be good even if you don’t have poor eye sight).

The Wiley X site lists many places where you can buy their glasses locally, however a great site to buy online is Safety Glasses USA.
Military Safety Eyewear

Sunglasses are also important to your vision because the protect your eyes from the sun, which over time can cause vision problems and even cataracts. At higher elevations this threat is more significant. Make sure to protect your eyes from the sun as much as possible to keep your eyes healthy.

Safety Glasses

Especially during dangerous chores or activities, using proper eye protection can be a huge help to preventing damage to the eye. According to “Prevent Blindness America” 700,000 Americans injure their eyes each year. Wear proper eye protection when shooting, using power tools like chainsaws or when doing anything else that might endanger your eyes.

Eye Wash

Like we have seen in many disasters, chemicals and irritants and can become a major problem, very quickly. When chemicals or waste or debris get into your eyes it can cause temporary blindness and and even permanent damage. Everyone should have a bottle of eye wash to rinse your eyes out after being exposed to chemicals. Rinsing your eyes out with clean water will work if you do not have any eye wash. It may be uncomfortable but it will not hurt to put water into your eyes.

Here’s how you do it:

  • Chemical burns to the eyes are a medical emergency. Chemicals in the eyes can cause severe pain. Start first aid measures quickly to minimize the risk of permanent injury or loss of sight. Emergency treatment for chemical burns in the eyes includes:
  • Rinse your eyes out immediately with a gentle flow of luke warm water for about 20 minutes (if you have contacts in rinse over the, do not attempt to remove them)
  • If you only one eye was affected, after about 5 mins rinse the unaffected eye. Some of the chemicals or waste could get over to the other eye during rinsing
  • If a child is the one who was exposed, be sure to get the eye sufficiently rinsed. Children won’t want to have it done but it might prevent them from going blind or having permanent vision loss

If you some dirt or debris gets into your eyes do the following:

  • Don’t rub your eye!!!!!!!!! This can cause more scratching and damage
  • Life up your eyelids and move your eye around in a circular motion to get the debris out, it should fall into one corner
  • If you cannot remove it easily, use a clean Q tip or very clean hands to try to edge the debris out

Additional Eye Care Tips

Avoiding excess tv/computer

Too much TV and computer use can be extremely damaging to the eyes. You can reduce this stress to the eyes by:

  • Taking frequent breaks, every 30 mins to an hr
  • Avoid fluorescent lights, they flicker at high rates and cause eyestrain
  • Reduce glare from windows and other lamps or lighting in the room
  • Exercise your eyes

Eating Healthy Food

Proper nutrition is the most significant factor in vision. Proper vitamins allow the eye to function, absorb oxygen and help prevent eye problems such as glaucoma, cataracts and macular degeneration. The following vitamins help improve vision and prevent disease.

  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin E
  • Beta-Carotene
  • Zinc
  • Lutein
  • Zeaxanthin
  • Selenium
  • Calcium
  • Folic acid
  • Thiamin
  • Omega 3 Essential Fatty Acids
  • Alpha Lipoic Acid
  • N-Acetyl Cysteine

Some of the best foods to eat for these vitamins are:

  • Fish
  • Olive Oil
  • Flax Seed
  • Vegetables (Carrots, squash, spinach, kale)
  • Eggs
  • Raw Nuts
  • Fruit (Blueberries, nectarines)

Exercise

Keeping your body healthy is the best way to keep your eyes healthy. Diabetes is the leading cause of adult blindness in the US. Maintaining a healthy weight and avoiding smoking can greatly protect your vision.


Original: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/survivalspotblog/~3/6_Os6ihsPR0/

Stuff, stuff and more stuff, stuffed everywhere...

By now you are all accustomed to hearing about being prepared and having stuff available that can be used when it's needed or when times get tough. Just what exactly are tough times? What stuff will you need or perhaps find useful as opposed to not having any stuff at all?

Over the next few days, I'll expand on the idea of having stuff, where it should be kept, how and when it can be used and a good way of organizing all this stuff. As you read through these posts, please keep in mind that these are minimum recommendations only. Your situation may dictate that you have some stuff that I don't specifically mention. Your daily grind many prove that some of this stuff can be of great value to you. You may never use any of this stuff, or you may find that having it available affords you the opportunity to use it often.

I will break this set of posts into the following categories:

a) Stuff you carry with you everywhere, everyday
b) Stuff you have in your "get home kit"
c) Stuff that should be in your "bug out bag"
d) Stuff that you have in your vehicle
e) Stuff you need to store at home

Some of this stuff flows logically from one category to the next. If you have something already, because you faithfully carry it every day, you don't necessarily need to put another in your get home kit, but having more than one of any truly important item (I will specifically point these items out) is not a bad idea. Things break, get lost or otherwise sprout legs around kids, so being prepared also includes ensuring that if a single item is lost or broken, the whole ship doesn't sink.

Preppers generally prepare for those disruptive events that can logically be perceived as being possible maybe even probable, but the timing or certainty of occurrence for these events is undetermined. As an example' it's kind of like locking your keys in the car. Sooner or later it's going to happen. In response to and in preparation for this event, some hide a spare key stuck somewhere under the car. Some have a spare key at home and some even go so far as to carry two sets of keys. Generally speaking, preparing for life's larger disruptions is no different.

Today, let's start with Every Day Carry Items (EDC):

I envy some women. Not the women who I see walking around town with a suitcase thrown over their shoulders, but the women who have a functional purse with them. Purses are great except when some man wants to find anything contained there in :-) Fashion dictates that men shy away from purses. A briefcase is a different creature than a purse and while both can hold items, the purse is a much better carrying container for life essentials. A briefcase is often not readily in hand like a purse and a briefcase often contains work and work by products, none of which I am keen to save when disaster strikes.

The idea behind every day carry items, is just that - items that you have with you, on your person all the time when you are not physically located on your home property. This is a very short list and all items need to be small enough to fit in your pockets without pulling your pants down.

1) A knife. A small folding or fixed blade knife in case you need to cut something...like the seat belt in your car or a piece of string/rope if your shoe lace breaks. **This is a must have item**

2) A small clip-on l.e.d. flashlight **This is a must have item**

3) A cell phone.

4) A way to start a fire - a lighter, waterproof matches or a fire steel etc.

5) Some cash, a $20 bill and two quarters tucked into the sole of your shoe or someplace else that a mugger wont get it and someplace where you wont inadvertently spend it. You have it primarily just in case. **This is a must have item**

6) A small canister of pepper spray in case a dog charges at you (wink, wink say no more eh?).

7) Pencil and paper. **This is a must have item**

8) A Whistle **This is a must have item**

That's about it. My everyday carry flashlight is a Surefire E1L. It is bigger and more powerful than a small clip on flashlight but both will light your way out of a dark building, a subway station or can signal rescuers from within a burning building. Both can help you find the keyhole when it seems to be moving around in the dark.

My knife is also a little bigger than a small Swiss Army key chain knife because I can get away with carrying it in a sheath on my belt without causing too much consternation. Professional women will turn heads in the office with they show up with a Rambo knife dangling from their pendant. All you are looking for here is a quality blade that can cut through most material without too much effort. A Swiss Army pocket knife with some scissors, a file, a tooth pick is ideal. Don't spend a lot of money (or spend as much as you want) on these items, they are primarily items intended to give you quick solutions to most everyday situations that you could find yourself in. A Snagged seat belt is a good example. If you can't unbuckle your seat belt you can't get out of the car. You can try chewing through the seat belt material, but trust me, it wont work, a knife does.

A cell phone. "Yes dear, I'll bring home some milk", "Don't worry dear, I'm running late, should be home in an hour" or "I'm on the highway and the car died, please send a tow truck" are all situations where a means of reaching out and touching someone can be important. There are many other situations where a cell phone will prove handy to have.

Cash is cash. If you ever need it, you have it, if you don't need it, you have it.

Fire. I love fire. When I can't think of anything else to do, I usually burn something. Fire gives me a clarity of thought, light and keeps me warm. I'm not suggesting that you start another fire in your office building when there is a bigger inferno burning 3 floors below you, but in some situations, usually at night, being able to start a fire might prove useful or at the very least it can be comforting.

I prefer pencils rather than pens. You can buy "space pens" that write upside down, work when wet and don't freeze but you can probably buy a 1000 pencils for the cost of one super pen. If the pencil breaks, your trusty pocket knife can make it write again. You need some paper so your pencil has something to do.

Pepper spray. Good for deterring the unwanted advances of dogs that are no longer on their own property. While the use of these sprays against people is frowned upon, I cannot see any charges being laid, if it was used to thwart an attack or a mugging. You primarily carry it for dogs, you explain to the officer, but in this situation that might have resulted in injury to you, it was available so you used it.

A whistle is a good attention grabber. If you need to become the centre of attention, start tooting on your whistle.

These are the basic items that you should have. I don't care if you carry $50 instead of $20. It doesn't matter if your flashlight will illuminate the room or 300 yards to the other side of the park, at times you need light and sometimes you need extra money. I don't care if you carry a multi-tool instead of a Swiss Army knife nor does it really matter what type of cellphone you have. You just need something that fulfils the purpose of each of these tools. If there is something else you would like have available should you need it, by all means add it to the list. Just keep in mind, all of this stuff should be in your pockets or on your person ready to use at any time day or night.

Tomorrow, we'll talk about a "Get Home Kit".

[What have you done today to prepare?]


Original: http://ontariopreppersnetwork.blogspot.com/2009/04/stuff-stuff-and-more-stuff-stuffed.html

Starting with Bees

bees



When it comes to Bee keeping, there is very little to do after you have set up for them. Check with your town laws about raising bees before purchasing anything. Then look around your property for a good place to set up. The best place to keep is discrete, sheltered from winds and partially shaded. Avoid low spots in a yard where cold, damp air accumulates in winter. Make sure you respect your neighbors and try to keep them in a place where they will not be leaving the hive and directly encountering people or other animals.

The basic equipment you will need is a super, smoker,

old school smoker



brooder,

freshly painted bee boxes



frames, gloves and veil.

the mighty bee keeper

And of course bees. Talk to your local extension office about local bee keeper. Unfortunately in Kansas that information isn't a readily obtained as one might think. Check craiglist for advertisers. You will want to buy at least two hives. This will help you quickly understand when something isn't right with one of the hives. You can also condense the hives if one of them is weaker then the other. When you receive your nuc boxes, take a look. The bees should be relatively passive, if not slowly walk away, without flinging your arms about, until the bees have stopped following.

There should be nine frames in a nuc box, and should be moved in the winter or evening times. Make sure that once you get where your going to open the entrance to the hive.

Make sure that you have a little bit of sugar water to help your bees build up before the winter their first year. You want the hives to be full of babies when going into a winter to ensure that you have enough. After the first year, you do not need to artificially feed them. Just make sure you have plenty of flowers in the area as well as standing water for them.

Periodically check your hives for any problems, such as mice damage, and bee disorders.

smokin



If done correctly, your new bees should give you about 50 pounds of honey the first year.

For more on bee keeping go to the ABF

and for equipment needs, Drapers is the closest we have in the State.


Original: http://kansaspreppersnetwork.blogspot.com/2009/04/starting-with-bees.html

What if Homemade Weapons Could be a Key to Your Survival?

Today I’m going out on a limb to tell you about a couple of books whose information might be considered by some to be provocative. Nonetheless, Survival Sam and I agreed you should know about these books, and that you should have the opportunity to come to your own conclusions about them.

Right off the bat I want to give the standard disclaimer that these books are for informational purposes only. I’m not responsible for what you do with that information. However, for a while, Prell’s posts on Karl’s spring valve shooter were among this blog’s most viewed posts, indicating an interest in homemade weaponry of some kind. (more…)