In my opinion, these are the best of the best of survival and preparedness articles gleaned from the 'net.

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Wednesday, April 22, 2009

Dandelion Green recipe


1 pound dandelion greens
1/2 cup chopped onion
1 clove garlic, minced
1/4 cup cooking oil
salt and pepper
Parmesan cheese

Discard dandelion green roots; wash greens well in salted water. Cut leaves into 2-inch pieces. Cook greens uncovered in small amount of salted water until tender, about 10 minutes. Sauté onion and garlic, in oil. Drain greens; add to onion garlic mixture. Taste dandelion greens and season with salt and pepper. Serve dandelion greens with grated Parmesan cheese.
Recipe for dandelion greens serves 4.

Dandelion greens are up here in zone 4 Vermont so look for them in your area. Make sure you pick them when they are YOUNG - long before they flower or they will be bitter.


Original: http://vermontpreppersnetwork.blogspot.com/2009/04/dandelion-green-recipe.html

The Plan



A member of the FORUMS wrote the following in a long and pithy thread on BoBs:
Though folks usually insist that a person "have a plan", there's never an explanation as to what "the plan" is. O.P.S.E.C.? For some, yes, but the most part, it's almost like a "buzzword" that let's others know we're all in the same club.


I suspect that most don’t have a plan. Not a viable one anyway. Certainly not one they have tested. The few that do have a plan are likely loathe to share it due to OPSEC. I have had bug out plans originating from several different places (I moved around a lot in my earlier days) and terminating in various locales. I know and have known several people that have workable bug out plans so I will draw on these to try and flesh this post out a bit. Of course I will change names, locations and some details to preserve privacy but they are real.

The Plan involves:
Start Point
Trigger
Destination
Route
Travel Mode
Supplies


If you have read this blog for long enough you will immediately realize that we will employ PACE (Primary, Alternate, Contingency, Emergency – multiple options) when we develop The Plan.

Start Point
Your primary start point is your home – that’s where you spend most of your time and that is where most of your stuff is. Your alternate start point would probably be work or school. Other start points could be wherever you happen to find yourself. If you are planning a three week vacation you may wish to modify your basic plan to suit.

Trigger
You need to decide now what will trigger your evacuation. Do your own threat analysis. Maybe it’s a big earthquake, or the Yellowstone Caldera, or nuclear war, or imminent hurricane landfall in your area, or….it’s personal. But sit down now and decide what your triggers will be. What if them to death. And then, if your trigger trips – GO! Don’t think about it - you should have already done all the wargaming you required. When the event is happening is not the time to THINK, it’s not the time to DISCUSS, it is not the time to try to GAIN CONSENSUS – it is the time to ACT. Get moving.

Destination
This is the key part of the whole plan. If you don’t have a destination you don’t have a plan. Your destination must be viable – it must support/sustain you and yours. Selecting the center of the national forest as your destination will not work. No, it won’t. Not if the only thing there is rocks and trees. You are not Robinson Crusoe. You are not a mountain man and even they had support networks.

Your primary destination should be an area that is outside of the threat danger zone. It should be clear of the problems that made you flee in the first place. One of my destinations is based on the Yellowstone Caldera blowing. If it does we will be moving within an hour to a location outside of the projected ash fall. This location is a friend’s home. He knows we plan on coming. Our home is one of his destinations in the event of problems in his locale. Quid pro quo. The key point here is that both parties need to discuss this aspect of The Plan and know what they are getting in for.

Your alternate destination needs to be in a different geographical area. If something happens to make your primary destination not so nice, you need to be able to go somewhere else. You need to do all the coordination for this location just like for the primary one. And so on for contingency and emergency destinations.

I said you cannot plan on bugging out to the center of the national forest. Let me caveat that – you cannot plan on it if you have not made any prior preparations. I know of a group that has a bug out location in a mountain town. They own a house there that is stocked with needed supplies and they use it as a vacation cabin. They have also ridden horses into the back country behind their house and cached a robust “spike camp”. This is basically tarps and water and food and so on to build a small shanty village in the out back. This is their emergency fallback position.

The best bug out destinations are centered around people. Humans. That you need to talk to. Before hand. You need to develop relationships. This takes effort. This takes time. The vast majority of you are not welcome at Casa Joe during Interesting Times. Nothing personal – we just don’t have that kind of relationship. If you plan of fleeing to Aunt Matilda’s house – make sure Auntie knows what to expect and agrees. If not – you don’t have a plan – you have a wish.

Route
Your route is based on your start point, the conditions surrounding your Trigger, where your Start Point is, and your Destination. Lots of variables, I know. Your primary route should probably be based on the assumption that you are going to get a head start on the masses of fleeing sheep. You will get a head start because you have The Plan and you have your nose to the wind. You will likely (initially) use interstate highways. This is fine for a while.

Your alternate route will probably avoid these sheeple magnets and use lesser travelled roads. It will avoid large concentrations of humans. It may avoid military bases – it depends on your envisioned Trigger. I like military bases for most things – but I can gain access.

You will have several routes (PACE). You should have decision points along each route where you decided to continue as you are, or switch to an alternative route. Say the New Madrid lets go and you plan to travel along Route A. There is a bridge. You will need to decide (now) what you will do if, while driving down Route A you notice the bridge is out. See the Convoy post below to read a bit about scouting out decision points enroute.

You need to spend some time on route selection. When you think you know your routes – drive them. Make notes. If the route is viable then designate it Primary or Alternate or….. Then get good map coverage of the area and mark your routes on the map(s). Use different colored highlighters for different routes – this way, if you are injured, someone else can still carry you along your route. Mark any potential hazards or decision points – then decide how you will address them if needed.

Travel Mode
Primary will be your “Bug out Vehicle” (BOV). For most of us this is not the purpose-built Uber Vehicle but our daily driver. It does need to be viable in light of the aforementioned aspects of your plan. Deciding to use your Harley to get from Arizona to Maine in February is probably not a good idea. But hey – the point is to think it out – for YOURSELF. If you plan on getting to Aunt Matilda’s house you better have a way to get there. That rust bucket that can’t make it across town will probably not do.

Alternate means may be another vehicle, or your neighbor’s truck or a train (you are smart and left EARLY) or anything other than your primary vehicle. Other modes could be horse, motorcycle (yeah, I know) or what have you. Your Emergency means will likely be your feet. Your travel mode may affect your routes and location – it all ties together. I was travelling internationally once a long time ago and my personal bug out (get home) plan involved several modes of transportation for each contingency. Perhaps I would drive to the airport and fly home (primary). Perhaps I would take the train to another country, taxi to the airport and fly home (alternate). Or maybe I would book passage on an ocean going vessel with the ample cash I used to carry (it wasn’t mine – it was yours. And I gave it back.) Or maybe I would have to take the long walk to the other side of the continent and hook up with some “friends”. The point here is that each plan (PACE) must stand alone and not depend on any other plan.

Supplies
Based on what is happening, where you are going and how you are getting there, you need to decide what you will take with you. If you are going to Aunt Matilda’s you may want to ask her what to bring. One of my Destination dudes told me not to worry about guns or ammo or clothes or medical gear – “just bring food”. Another one told me to bring my goats and chickens! I can carry a lot in my primary bug out vehicle. I cannot carry very much on my back. But I have decided what I will carry with each. You need to plan what you will do if you have to say, abandon your BoV and hoof it. This is where BoBs come in – can you access yours quickly?

Which brings us to load plans. After you practice and decide how you are packing and where stuff goes - draw a chart - this will greatly speed up the process of gettign out of Dodge. Make sure you don't bury the jack underneath fifty gallons of water cans...

But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not, (let him that readeth understand,) then let them that be in Judaea flee to the mountains: And let him that is on the housetop not go down into the house, neither enter therein, to take any thing out of his house: And let him that is in the field not turn back again for to take up his garment. - Mark 13:14 - 16


Original: http://vikingpreparedness.blogspot.com/2009/04/plan.html

Storage of your Drinking Water in an Emergency


By Joseph Parish



Most survivalists if solicited as to the primary item which they would store up on for an emergency it has to be water. You should always plan for at least one gallon of water per day per person. With this requirement for fresh drinking water in an emergency you should have some idea as to what you can store that water in.

You could rush to the store and purchase the gallon jugs of water similar to those which milk products come in. These fragile and thin jugs tend to leak after a couple of years. I personally have had them leak within 6 months of purchase so I have slowly eliminated those type of containers from my emergency food storage. I do not even use them for my dry foods such as beans or rice.

Several people have commented that they have tried using the jugs that windshield washer
fluid comes in. They claim that if you let them sit idle for a month and then replace the liquid that they are safe as ever to use. They state that this procedure gets all the blue liquid out. I personally may be too cautious but I would not recommend this method nor would I use it.

The best method to use is the one that works successfully for you. Some people will use barrels to store their water in while some will use the five and seven gallon plastic jugs. I personally use the two liter soda bottles. A word of warning here is do not keep these bottles for any extended length of time unless you plan to put a few drops of bleach in each. Try to refresh the water contained in the bottle on a scheduled basis.

You should not use any type of jug that did not originally have a food substance in them. These containers are not food grade and are not safe to use for your drinking water. Keep in mind that not all plastics are food type plastic. Toxins from the plastic can leach into your water and quickly poison your family members and yourself. The rule to follow here is Be careful. As an example Bleach bottles should not be used for water storage.

Even though there are many plastic bottles that you can not use for drinking water there is no ruling which would forbid you from using them for other liquid purposes. You could safely use empty soap jugs for washing water storage. Since it already contains remnants of your favorite laundry detergent in it there is no problem here. They also seem to store fairly well.

The new style bottles which have spigots attached would be useful for releasing small amounts of washing water as you need it. This is a great product in the event of a power outage. Although it is not an excellent source for disinfection type washing it is a splendid item by itself to lightly wash your hands with.

Copyright @2008 Joseph Parish

Original: http://survival-training.info/articles11/StorageofyourDrinkingWaterinanEmergency.htm

A Parents Guide To Teaching Survival Skills To Children

By Rich Johnson

Does your child know what to do if he or she gets lost in the woods? Read this to find out.

March 17, 2007 was the day everything went wrong for 12-year-old boy scout Michael Auberry. That was the day he wandered away from camp, curious about what lay beyond his vision of the forest. That was the morning that lead to four days and three nights alone and cold in the mountains of North Carolina, with overnight temperatures that dipped into the 20s. A search began immediately after the boy went missing, with lots of boots on the ground, a platoon of tracking dogs, and heat-sensing aircraft flying overhead. Frantic parents and scout leaders worried and prayed and searched. Finally, young Michael was found about half a mile from camp by a 2-year-old tracking dog named Gandalf. The boy was weak, but otherwise in good condition. He was lucky to be alive.

Not long ago (summer '05) the nation's attention was drawn to the plight of 11-year-old scout Brennan Hawkins, who was lost for four days at 8,500 feet in the rugged Uinta Mountains of Utah. Brennan managed to slip away from his group and, when he failed to show up for dinner, scout leaders initiated a search. Over the following four days, the search and rescue effort intensified and included hundreds of professionals and volunteers. Fortunately, the lad was found — or rather, he found the searchers, when he stepped out onto a road right where volunteer search team member Forrest Nunley was riding his ATV. The boy was five miles from where he had last been seen.

August, 2004. Just a year before Brennan Hawkins went missing, another young man named Garrett Bardsley disappeared in the same area. He was fishing with his dad, got his shoes wet and went back toward his camp, which was about 200 yards away, to change them. Somewhere in that 200 yards he became lost, and no trace of him was ever found.

The question is, how do these youngsters get lost? How do they manage to slip away from their families or camping groups and disappear? And then, why are they so hard to find, even though massive search and rescue resources are employed in the effort? But the most important question of all is: what can parents do to protect their children from these episodes?

The answer to the first question is that getting lost is easier than one might think. For children, getting lost can be caused by something as commonplace as curiosity, a spirit of exploration. Even for adults, all it takes is a momentary loss of concentration and the trail can slip out of sight. From then on, the individual can end up beating through brush, every step taking him farther away from the thin brown line of a trail that snakes through the forest like a camouflaged thread.

Even if the child comes across a trail, that doesn't mean it's the right one. The forests are webbed with faint trails, some of them made by game. For a youngster, trying to discern which trail is the right one can be a daunting task. And not only for youngsters, but for older, more experienced outdoorsmen as well. Getting lost is amazingly easy.

In fact, Brennan Hawkins did stick with a trail, and he still managed to get lost for four days. According to the boy's mother, Jody Hawkins, her son had always been taught that "if you get lost, stay on the trail." That is excellent advice, so he stayed on a trail, but it obviously wasn't the one that lead back to camp. Staying with a trail is a first tenet of survival when you're lost, because when a search is on, every trail will be scoured. Eventually, the trail the Hawkins boy was using led to the road where the ATV search party found him.

There is a possible clue as to why it took so long to locate young Brennan Hawkins. According to his mother, the boy might have been purposely avoiding searchers. Children are often taught to avoid strangers. "We've also told him don't talk to strangers," Mrs. Hawkins said. "When an ATV or horse came by, he got off the trail. When they left, he got back on the trail. His biggest fear, he told me, was someone would steal him." The boy's uncle, Bob Hawkins, said that Brennan might have been afraid to contact the searchers because they weren't using the password the family had adopted.

It's a shame that we live in a day when children have to be so afraid of strangers that they fear it may cost them their life to call out to someone who could help them. Parents need to come up with a workable solution to this problem. Perhaps one way for parents who are teaching their children how to survive in the woods is to take a balanced approach and work with separate scenarios — one for dealing with civilization and another for dealing with being lost in the woods. Under most conditions, it's important for youngsters to understand that they shouldn't talk to strangers. But they must also know that there are times when they might need to trust someone they don't know. One of those times is when they are lost in the woods.

In addition to teaching children how to deal with strangers, there are two other vitally important outdoor skills that should be taught to all the members of the family. One is when and how to take shelter from the elements. Being skillful at improvising a shelter can save their life. But there is a secondary concern, aside from the benefit of avoiding hypothermia. Some youngsters may conceal themselves so well that searchers can walk right past them and never see them. Kids should be taught that if they hide under a log or in some other natural shelter, they should leave some highly-visible indication of their presence out in the open, where searchers can see it.

And that leads to the other big issue that should be taught to all who go out into the wilds — how to signal for help. There are passive ways to signal, and there are active ways. One of the best passive methods is to dress in bright, highly-visible clothing. Carry a brightly-colored backpack. Make sure all of a child's equipment is vibrantly colored, so it can easily be seen at a distance through the woods. Active signaling techniques that are appropriate for children include the use of signal mirrors and noisemakers such as small compressed-air horns and whistles.

If a person becomes lost, he or she should stop immediately and begin to do everything possible to call attention to himself or herself. If the youngster has a Space Blanket, it should be spread out to serve as a sheltering cover and a passive visible signaling device at the same time.

A combination of passive and active signaling techniques should be employed as soon as the individual realizes that he is lost. Place colorful or shiny items out in the open, where they can be seen from a distance. Dig out the signal mirror (children should be instructed in the proper use of this beforehand) and the signal whistle. Blow three blasts on the signal whistle, then stop and listen for a minute. Then blow again. Parents and children should both have whistles, so they can signal to each other. When using the signal mirror, the youngsters should sweep the beam of reflected light across the forest in the direction toward which they think camp or the main trail is located.

Youngsters should be taught to stay put and await rescue, even though it might be tough to do. They should avoid the temptation to start hiking in search of camp. When the search is going on, a wandering victim might walk right out of the path of rescuers, or perhaps into an area that has just been search and will therefore be ignored in the future.

The best way to survive is:
-- Stop and stay put
-- Do everything possible to make yourself seen and heard
-- Shelter yourself from the elements
-- Be patient and wait for rescue. It is coming.

This is valuable knowledge that has been won the hard way, through bitter experience. When Kevin Bardsley, Garrett's father, was asked what he thinks happened to his son, he said, "... it's our opinion that he just got scared because he didn't know where he was, and he bolted. And knowing Garrett, as strong as he was ... he probably ran and ran and ran, and then he tucked in somewhere." When asked what parents should teach their children, Mr. Bardsely replied, "... teach your children that if they do get lost to stay still and that they don't have to worry, that somebody will come and find them. That's the most important thing you could teach them, because if you ask most children, they would say that they would run if they were lost."


Original: http://survival-training.info/A%20Parents%20Guide%20To%20Teaching%20Survival%20Skills%20To%20Children.htm

Survival Medicine

This part of your survival plan should never be overlooked. Having the right type of medicine in your first aid kit is beneficial if you get lost in the wilderness or if you are faced with the issue of surviving. Most store bought first aid kits include pain relievers such as: Advil®, Tylenol®, or other types of ibuprofen or aspirin. When you need a pain reliever, these medicines quickly relieve your suffering, depending on the degree of pain. But what if you don’t have anymore medicine and you find yourself in dire need of relief? What should you use to alleviate the pain and suffering?

In the situation where there isn’t anymore store brand medicine to aid you, you could choose from nature the necessary plants needed for medicine. There are several wild plants that could do the job of many medicines you find in the store today. Let’s take a look at some ailments and the plants used to help fight them.


Pyrexia or Fever - Fevers are very dangerous when left untreated. You know you have a fever when you feel as though you are cold, but your body is hot to the touch. What do you use if you do not have any fever reducers? If these items are available to you, use willow bark, elder or linden flowers. If you do not have bark of a willow tree, then you could use the bark of an elm tree. Put these together and make a tea out of them. Drink the tea and in time, your fever should reduce.

Muscle Aches - To alleviate some minor aches and pains by making a salve of garlic, chickweed, or the bark of the willow. Make this salve by mixing it with any type of fat you may have in your supply. Vegetable fat works fine. Once the salve is made, rub it onto the areas where it hurts.

Upset Stomach - Use mint leaves to help with your upset stomach. Mint has a calming effect and a tea of mint could also be used to help you fall asleep.

Sore Throat - The bark of a willow tree is good for alleviating the pain of a sore throat and of the irritancies of the common cold. Use the bark of the willow tree in a tea medicine and drink it.

These are just some ailments that are common to most people when out in the wilderness. Your survival depends on your being educated and prepared for what may come. This short list of survival medicines was meant to inform you of the many possibilities available to you should you need them. We encourage you to do more personal research so you’ll be able to identify the items listed above. Nature is a medicine cabinet! With your survival in focus, when the time comes to use these and other medicines for survival, may you have success in using the correct combinations.

Copyright @ 2008 Delmarva Survival Training Site


Original; http://survival-training.info/articles/Survival%20Medicine.htm

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