In my opinion, these are the best of the best of survival and preparedness articles gleaned from the 'net.

Please visit the originating sites to see more like them.

Friday, April 10, 2009

Recipe: Last Minute Dinner Muffins

These dinner muffins are very easy and quick to make. Get them baking while you set the table, get the kids' hands washed, and drinks poured. Should be ready by the time you sit down to eat. And yummy!

Ingredients:
1 cup flour
1 teaspoon baking powder
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/2 cup milk (we use soy)
2 tablespoons mayonnaise (odd but yummy)

Directions:
Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. Place 5 cupcake liners in your muffin tin. Mix all ingredients in a medium bowl. Spoon into the cupcake liners. Bake for 15 minutes or until lightly browned and puffed-up.

Copyright (c) 2009 VP Lawrence-Williams


Original: http://www.survival-cooking.com/2009/03/recipe-last-minute-dinner-muffins.html

No Safe Place?

For those of you who would like a little insight on a real life scenario of when things go bad this article has some very enlightening information of what may be in store for all of us.

Frugal's Forums Archive 2001-2006: Thoughts on Urban Survival. COMPLETE !! A MUST READ FOR ALL SQUIRRELS!!!

Read the entire article to get a true picture. Here is an excerpt from this article:

“URBAN OR COUNTRY?”

“Someone once asked me how did those that live in the country fare. If they were better off than city dwellers. As always there are no simple answers. Wish I could say country good, city bad, but I can’t, because if I have to be completely honest, and I intend to be so, there are some issues that have to be analyzed, especially security. Of course that those that live in the country and have some land and animals were better prepared food-wise. No need to have several acres full of crops. A few fruit trees, some animals, such as chickens, cows and rabbits, and a small orchard was enough to be light years ahead of those in the cities. Chickens, eggs and rabbits would provide the proteins, a cow or two for milk and cheese, some vegetables and fruit plants covered the vegetable diet, and some eggs or a rabbit could be traded for flower to make bread and pasta or sugar and salt.

Of course that there are exceptions, for example, some provinces up north have desert climate and it almost never rains. It is almost impossible to live of the land, and animals require food and water you have to buy. Those guys had it bad; no wonder the Northern provinces suffer the most in my country. Those that live in cities, well they have to manage as they can. Since food prices went up about 200%-300%. People would cut expenses wherever they could so they could buy food. Some ate whatever they could; they hunted birds or ate street dogs and cats, others starved. When it comes to food, cities suck in a crisis. It is usually the lack of food or the impossibility to acquire it that starts the rioting and looting when TSHTF.

When it comes to security things get even more complicated. Forget about shooting those that mean you harm from 300 yards away with your MBR. Leave that notion to armchair commandos and 12 year old kids that pretend to be grown ups on the internet.

Some facts:

1) Those that want to harm you/steal from you don’t come with a pirate flag waving over their heads.

2) Neither do they start shooting at you 200 yards away.

3) They won’t come riding loud bikes or dressed with their orange, convict just escaped from prison jump suits, so that you can identify them the better. Nor do they all wear chains around their necks and leather jackets. If I had a dollar for each time a person that got robbed told me “They looked like NORMAL people, dressed better than we are”, honestly, I would have enough money for a nice gun. There are exceptions, but don’t expect them to dress like in the movies.

4) A man with a wife and two or three kids can’t set up a watch. I don’t care if you are SEAL, SWAT or John Freaking Rambo, no 6th sense is going to tell you that there is a guy pointing a gun at your back when you are trying to fix the water pump that just broke, or carrying a big heavy bag of dried beans you bought that morning.

The best alarm system anyone can have in a farm are dogs. But dogs can get killed and poisoned. A friend of mine had all four dogs poisoned on his farm one night, they all died. After all these years I learned that even though the person that lives out in the country is safer when it comes to small time robberies, that same person is more exposed to extremely violent home robberies. Criminals know that they are isolated and their feeling of invulnerability is boosted. When they assault a country home or farm, they will usually stay there for hours or days torturing the owners. I heard it all: women and children getting raped, people tied to the beds and tortured with electricity, beatings, burned with acetylene torches. Big cities aren’t much safer for the survivalist that decides to stay in the city. He will have to face express kidnappings, robberies, and pretty much risking getting shot for what’s in his pockets or even his clothes.

So, where to go? The concrete jungle is dangerous and so is living away from it all, on your own. The solution is to stay away from the cities but in groups, either by living in a small town-community or sub division, or if you have friends or family that think as you do, form your own small community. Some may think that having neighbors within “shouting” distance means loosing your privacy and freedom, but it’s a price that you have to pay if you want to have someone to help you if you ever need it. To those that believe that they will never need help from anyone because they will always have their rifle at hand, checking the horizon with their scope every five minutes and a first aid kit on their back packs at all times…. Grow up”

Thanks D!

Be aware. Be informed. Be prepared.

Riverwalker


Original: http://texaspreppersnetwork.blogspot.com/2009/03/no-safe-place.html

Necessary Equipment & Supplies

We all know food and water are important, but what about the larger things? The non-consumable resources? What should we make sure we have in case of emergency?

1. A woodstove - In a cold environment like Vermont, you need some type of heat source that isn't tied to electricity, oil or propane. A fireplace is pretty but it doesn't heat a house worth beans.

2. A way to cook - solar oven, woodstove, gas stove without a glow bar, outside grill or fire pit. Either of these is good or maybe even several of them depending on the weather and the situation you're prepping for.

3. Light source - solar lamps, wind up lantern, flashlight, candles, oil lamps, etc. Make sure you have enough supplies to go along with them.

4. Tools - Non-electric, non-power tools just in case. Do you have the tools needed to make basic repairs in case of a power outage? Hand saw, hand drill, shovels, rakes, etc?

5. Cleaning supplies - vinegar, baking soda, felsnaptha, washing soda, borax, bleach, etc. Whatever it is that you clean with or use to make your clean supplies.

6. Personal care items - razors, feminine needs, soap, shampoo, deoderant, chapstick, lotion, hydrogen peroxide, rubbing alcohol, cotton balls, gauze pads, first aid supplies, etc. How about non disposable alternatives for long term use? Do you have supplies to make the non disposable alternatives?

7. Pet food & supplies - How about food for the pets? Cat litter? Extra food for the farm animals? Extra hay? Bedding?

8. Extra seeds for long term use. Who knows how long the emergency will last? Do you have at least an extra year's worth of seeds just in case?

9. Reading material for your favorite topics? What happens if the internet goes out long term? All those bookmarked sites are great until you have no internet. Pick up a few good reference books just in case.

10. Entertainment - What happens with no tv, no internet, no electricity? What do you do on a long, cold, rainy day inside? Can you or the kids occupy yourself all day with no electricity? How about cards, games, art supplies, puzzles, craft items, marbles, jacks, etc.?


Original: http://vermontpreppersnetwork.blogspot.com/2009/03/necessary-equipment-supplies.html

Pandemic or Avian Flu Preparation

This morning I woke up feeling a need to read more carefully about pandemics. Not predicting anything, just feel the need to be more prepared. I watched a video produced by BYU-Idaho on how they are preparing their students and employees for a possible pandemic. It's at the bottom of the page on the ProvidentLiving.org website on Pandemic Preparedness Planning.

A pandemic is an epidemic disease that spreads to other communities usually beyond national borders. The video explains what Avian Influenza Flu H5N1 is, preventative protection procedures, and shared responsibilities. In the event of a major outbreak, you may need to isolate (quarantine) yourself or limit your contact with others. You may not notice you have the flu for 24 -48 hours. Because of how easily it can be spread, plan for 2 weeks to 3 months of supplies in your home. I hope you will educate yourself and watch the video several times.

What are the symptoms of avian flu in humans?
"You get the typical flu-like symptoms of high fever, headache, muscle aches, prostration; but you also get, in many of the cases, a rapidly advancing lung and pulmonary involvement where you have respiratory tract disease, difficulty breathing, and that is generally the cause of death, or a contributing cause of death among those people who’ve actually died from avian flu. So it has some of the standard flu-like symptoms, but it rapidly assumes a very fulminate course, leading to the severe illness and sometimes death of individuals." AvianFlu.gov

What supplies should I have on hand?

  • N95 medical masks - at least 3 per person. "95" means that they keep out 95% of the airborne particles. Contact a local medical supply store, or order online. Cheaper if ordered in bulk, but even Walgreens carries them. These will disappear quickly from the shelves in a pandemic.

  • safety goggles or face shield

  • liquid hand soap

  • hand sanitizer

  • household bleach

  • Lysol® or Clorox® disenfectant

  • garbage bags (plenty as there may be limited trash pickup)

  • laundry detergent (if someone in your family is ill, you will be doing plenty of washing)

  • disposable tissues (not fabric handkercheifs)

  • toilet paper

  • disposable diapers for infants

  • disposable vinyl, nitrile, or latex gloves or other reusable gloves that can be disinfected

  • disposable shoe covers or those that can be disinfected

  • flashlight

  • batteries

  • portable radio

  • manual can opener

  • a supply of your prescription medications, nonprescription drugs, and other health supplies, including pain relievers, stomach remedies, cough and cold medicines, fluids with electrolytes, vitamins, rubbing alcohol, thermometers

  • store food for at least 3-months (outside food may be difficult to obtain or you may not be able to get to the store). Consider ready-to-eat canned meats, fish, fruits, vegetables, beans, and soups, cereal, food bars, peanut butter and nuts, dried fruit, crackers and canned/bottled juices, baby foods, pet food, vitamins

This list may look similar to the list of items you are already storing in your food and home storage, and 72-hour kits.

What are a few other things I may want to know about pandemics?

  • If one of your family or household members becomes ill, they should be isolated in a separate room in your home. Several ill members can be in the same room.

  • If your family does not get the flu, others should not come to your home as they can infect your family. So you will need to keep your healthy kids in.

  • Schools, colleges, and childcare facilities will likely close.

  • You will want to keep your car filled with gas as gas stations may be closed.

  • Have cash on hand at home in case banks are closed or services are limited.

  • Stay at least 6 feet away from others at all times particularly in public.

  • Avoid handshaking and other forms of contact with the public.

  • Teach family members how to wash hands properly for at least 25 seconds (sing "Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star")

  • Teach family members how to cover coughs or sneezes

  • Boiling water will kill most types of disease-causing organisms and is the most reliable method of purifying water easily

I hope you will take the time to educate yourself.

Pandemic Flu Planning Checklist for Individuals and Families



Original: http://preparedldsfamily.blogspot.com/2009/03/pandemic-or-avian-flu-preparation.html

Quote of the Day

SHELTER

SHELTER is by far one of the top 3 things a person needs to know here are a few of my favorits----(sorry i had to post photos off internet will make these at home next time im there)



lash pole is one of the easyst to build it will keep ol mother nature at bay. note how the rafters are embeded into the ground with smaller limbs interweved with leaves throun on top. use of evergreens will help keep roof in place

next below is the lean to as you see very easy to buil takes about 30 min you can use your tarp to cover .evergreen brows on the floor will keep you toasty.

next is the pile thats what i call it no planning needed just pile a bunch of ground cover and wiggle into it use your pack to block entrence the tighter the better your body heat will keep you toasty try it with a large pile of leaves .

now you have the basics its totaly useless if you dont put it to use .Dont wait till you need the shelter go to the woods build all three at least once. now be sure to tear down afterwards be eco smart dont let outhers see your work keep the woods clean these shelters are 100% eco frendly:):):):) I will build all tree and take detailed photos. REMBER PRATICE MAKES PERFECT---MADDOG



Original: http://missouripreppersnetwork.blogspot.com/2009/01/shelter.html

Survive a School or Workplace Shooting

I have posted this article without changes, but I would like to add a couple of comments:
First, the obvious fact that many people reject out of hand, if you have your own gun and have trained yourself in its use, as is your right, you will not be helpless if/when you find yourself in this situation. In the wake of the tragic shootings in South Alabama, there will definitely be yet another step-up in calls for ever more draconian gun control, as if that could have stopped the attack. Just remember that the cops who were chasing this man were unable to stop him. Ultimately it is up to you to protect yourself and your family.

Second, in the section of the article dealing with a case where a mass murderer is pointing a gun at you: do not waste your time trying to talk; attack your attacker with all you have, instantly and without pause, grabbing the gun and twisting it away from yourself while kicking, biting or using whatever facilities available to you. Regardless of what the media tries to make you believe, effectively firing a weapon require three things: a certain amount of skill, concentration and at least a small amount of time. Guns don't fire themselves, and their bullets don't guide themselves to the target. If you instantly attack your attacker, you deny him the second and third elements he needs to be able to shoot you. Be glad he has a gun instead of a machete, for example, because the machete is a far more fearsome weapon in close quarters.


How to Survive a School or Workplace Shooting


from wikiHow - The How to Manual That You Can Edit

What would you do if a shooting happened in your own school or workplace? It is a scary thought, but it is something that could happen to anybody. Having some ideas about how to respond beforehand could save your life.

Steps


  1. Keep alert and always report suspicious incidents to the authorities. If a student or co-worker threatens to bring a knife or a gun, for example, report this to a teacher or supervisor. You might prevent a disaster by doing so. If there are students or coworkers who lawfully carry weapons or tools, they will be able to explain this to your supervisor.
  2. Know what the procedure is that is already in place. Many schools and workplaces have "lockdown" procedures. An example of this could be that the students hide in the corner of their classroom, out of sight of doors and windows, while the teacher locks the door and turns off the lights. If you are in the halls, you might be expected to run inside the nearest classroom. Whatever it is, know what it is, and if there is no procedure in place, talk to a teacher or boss about creating one right away.
  3. Respond to the sound of gunshots according to your situation:
    • If you see the shooter at distance, running away should be your first plan, when possible. At 20 feet from the gunman, you're still within a deadly range, but at 40 feet, you're a difficult shot. If he starts to shoot as you're making your escape, run in a zigzag or another unpredictable pattern. This will decrease your chances of being hit. Seek an exit, or if you have to, hide in a room, preferably with windows, so you have a way of escaping the room if you have to. Lock or barricade the door and turn off the lights. If a door will not lock, barricade it with tables and chairs. You might want to do this anyway just in case. If there is a phone in the room, Call the emergency services (911/999/112) as soon as the door is locked and blocked. If you don't have time, call and leave the phone off the hook. The police will automatically come to see if there is a problem.
    • If you are in the same area as the shooter, find cover, fast. If the shooter opens fire, attempt to take cover behind heavy furniture or any other heavy obstacle. If there is nothing close, simply drop to the floor and lie flat. This will protect your vital organs and make you a smaller target to the shooter. Lying flat could also make the shooter mistake you for dead. Remain quiet and still.
    • If the shooter is about to shoot you, do anything you can to stop them. Try talking to the shooter if you know them, but use caution. You could possibly change their mind, but remember, if they have a gun in their hand, they may not be convinced by anything. Attacking an armed assailant is unwise unless you have absolutely no other option. They have likely already decided to shoot people, and threatening them may result in the deaths of you and even more around you.
      • To take his focus off his or her weapon and plan of attack, you might throw chairs, laptops, or fire extinguishers, or set off the sprinkler system or fire alarm. Then, pick up a desk or some other shield and charge right at the shooter. There's a risk you'll be killed in the process, but if two or three people rush at once, there's also a chance that somebody will take the shooter down. Unarmed civilians who band together have a much better chance of surviving an attack.
      • If you're already within a step or two of the shooter, you might be able to grab his or her weapon. If the shooter is facing you, quickly reach up and take hold of the barrel, and then aim it away from your body. The move should be as clean and economical as possible. The gunman will reflexively pull the gun back away from you. Follow the movement, gripping the gun and push your weight forward. Then, punch him in the face or the throat as hard as you can. Hit him on the nose, jab your fingers into his eyes, or strike him with the heel of your open palm. Then use your free hand to grab the nonbusiness end of the gun. With two hands on the gun, you can knee the attacker in the groin.

    • If you are barricaded in a room with other people, firmly order everyone to spread out as widely as possible, and get down on the floor behind furniture or any other cover. People have a natural tendency to huddle together in a crisis, but in a shooting situation, this just makes all of you one big, stationary target. Spreading out and getting down low makes everyone a more difficult target.
    • If you hear gunshots and are in a bathroom, your best bet is to remain in the bathroom. Lock the bathroom door if you are able to. Another thing you can do is go into a stall, lock it, and crouch on the toilet seat to hide. Call the emergency services (911/999/112) if you have a cell phone on you, but stay as quiet as possible.
    • If you hear gunshots and are outside, go in the opposite direction from where you heard the gunshots. Call the emergency services (911/999/112) as soon as you are far enough away. Assist other people that are fleeing the building after you call.

  4. Wait for help to arrive. Before you open the door to someone that says "police" or "paramedics" be aware that it could be the shooter trying to get you to open the door. Ask them questions and make sure that they are actually police or someone trying to help you.
  5. When the police arrive, they will treat everyone as a potential assailant. Do not run to them or request help, as this may cause them to think you are a threat. Instead, QUICKLY go face down on the ground with your arms spread away from your body, palms towards the police, and fingers spread apart. Shut up and listen for orders! Do exactly what the officers tell you to do, do it quickly, and do it without argument or protest. Expect the police to treat you as though you might be the armed criminal, and even to handcuff you and everyone else in the room. They are not being mean; they are getting the situation under control the only way possible. Remind yourself that they are doing what they are doing in order to neutralize every possible threat, and save your life. Be as helpful as possible to the authorities. Tell them everything you know.
    • Emergency personnel are trained to survey a scene before entering it. Don't be shocked if the cavalry stays parked outside and doesn't come running in before the threat is established. They're taught that they can't help anyone if they're dead. It's true but an unpleasant reality if you're the one inside with a threatening person.



Tips


  • Remain calm.
  • Remember to help those around you if you can. If someone is shot, tend to them as quickly as you can. See How to Treat a Bullet Wound.
  • Seek therapy afterward, if the event was deeply troubling for you.
  • When necessary and escaping through an upper-floor window, find a drain pipe or a ledge that can slow your descent or let you slide down part of the way. You'll likely hurt your ankles when you land, so be prepared to break the fall with a quick roll. Protect your body by rolling over one shoulder, diagonally across the back and onto the opposite hip. It is better to escape with a couple broken bones than to be shot and killed. Use this as a last resort though. For example, if you are on the 3rd floor with windows that do not open, and it is safe to jump, you may throw a computer through the window. Yes, they are expensive but cost does not matter when someone is coming after you with a gun.
  • Don't take personal belongings or put yourself at risk to collect these items. Personal property can be replaced—your life can't.


Warnings


  • Don't let the fear of a shooting change your life. It is out of your control. Just live life to its fullest knowing what to do if a shooting ever did happen.
  • If you have a gun, do not try to act like a hero unless the attacker is in full sight and there are no obstacles nearby.


Related wikiHows




Sources and Citations





Article provided by wikiHow, a wiki how-to manual. Please edit this article and find author credits at the original wikiHow article on How to Survive a School or Workplace Shooting. All content on wikiHow can be shared under a Creative Commons license.



Original: http://alabamapreppersnetwork.blogspot.com/2009/03/survive-school-or-workplace-shooting.html

Build a Bugout Kit for When You Are At Work


How to Create an Urban Emergency Evacuation Kit for Work


from wikiHow - The How to Manual That You Can Edit

9/11 forced thousands of New Yorkers to endure horrible conditions during a traumatic time. Be prepared. [1] Natural and man made disasters can force offices full of workers to evacuate. In big cities a disaster may also affect public transportation. In an emergency, you may be on your own and forced to improvise. Here's how to create an Urban Emergency Evacuation Kit that you should store at work in the event of an emergency to keep you safe and prepared.

Steps


  1. Evaluate where you work and how far you live from work. Don't think of it in regular transportation terms. Ask yourself what you would do if you had to get home without the use of a car or public transportation during an emergency.
  2. Discuss with your family what you may do in an emergency if they can't reach you by cell phone. Discuss your options and what scenarios would be practical. Knowing what your actions may be will enable them to assist even if you can't communicate during the emergency.If your family hears of an emergency, they may be able to pick up your kids, meet you at a meeting place, or be ready to spring into action when they get your call, text, or third-party message. Have a family action plan.
  3. Coordinate with your co-workers and exchange ideas for creating individual jump-and-run bags ideal for your situation, urban area, and workplace.
    • If you work with someone who also lives near you, discuss in advance and plan on using the buddy system to get home together.
    • Have them pack a bag so you each have supplies.
    • Talk to management about turning kit-making into an office social or emergency planning exercise. Get permission for everyone to bring their items, pack them as a team, and make a store trip for forgotten supplies.

  4. Use a large, canvas, water resistant backpack with several compartments and padded shoulder straps. A waist strap will help distribute weight and make the bag easier to carry long distances.Since you won't use this daily (and aren't buying for day to day durability) you can buy an inexpensive one from a discount store, military surplus store, dollar store, or even from a local thrift store. Offer a young relative a few bucks for their left over bag from last school year. It's all right to get one used or even with childish designs. Think function over fashion.
  5. Buy reflective tape. Visit a fabric or athletic store or look online for reflective tape. Buy 1-3 yards as you will add it to your backpack and other items if necessary. It's usually sold in rolls and is 1" wide or wider.
  6. Add the reflective tape to the exterior of your backpack. Use fabric glue to attach it if you don't sew.
    • Attach the reflective tape to the back of the bag and the front straps.
    • Be generous with the tape. It may make you visible to drivers or emergency workers.
    • Save the leftover tape. You'll need it for other projects.

  7. Get a poncho or other rain gear that compacts nicely. Use something you already have if it is adequate. If you buy new, look for a brightly colored material (safety yellow is an option). This can protect you from the elements on a long walk, provide shelter, and (with the tape) identify you to drivers.
    • Add reflective tape to your poncho since wearing it may cover your backpack.
    • Pack the folded poncho in your backpack. If it doesn't fold into itself (as many do), you can compress it into a small bag to keep it out of your way.
    • You can also wrap thick rubber hair bands to compress it. Those will also come in handy to keep long hair out of the way during the emergency. (Hair in the eyes can obstruct vision in addition to being frustrating.)

  8. Get a space blanket You can buy Mylar sheets (so-called space blankets) at hardware or camping supply stores. They are large, lightweight, waterproof and exceptionally thin. They come tightly packed (about the size of an ace bandage), and should be left in their original packaging until you need to use them. (They're very hard to refold once opened.) Because Mylar reflects heat, it can be used to retain body heat in extreme cold or to reflect away heat in extremely hot conditions.
  9. Pack a whistle in your backpack. A whistle will make more noise with less effort than yelling if you become trapped. The higher pitch will also carry better than your voice.
  10. Pack a pair of athletic shoes in your back pack. In case of an emergency, you may have to run or walk long distances in unpredictable conditions. You don't want to do that in heels or stiff leather work shoes. Your safety may depend on moving quickly and traveling efficiently on foot. Athletic shoes are an absolute must in every person's grab-and-go work kit!

    • Don't use a new pair, as these can cause blisters; pack a pair that is broken in but not worn out, if possible. Even a worn pair is better than wingtips or heels.
    • Women should not pack dress flats or just a "comfortable" pair of shoes. Do not pack sandals! Pack athletic shoes with shock absorbing soles. If you don't have any, you should buy some and wear them a few times before adding to your bag.

    • Many athletic shoes have reflective trims but you can add more. You should still have some tape left over from the poncho and backpack.

  11. Pack cotton crew athletic socks that are appropriate for your athletic shoes in terms of thickness.
    • Avoid low cut socks, as they don't protect your heels when walking long distances.
    • Women who wear skirts and dresses may benefit from packing knee high athletic socks to provide additional coverage for the legs.
    • Stuff the socks into the shoes so as to conserve space and keep your footgear together.

  12. Create a small first aid kit using a quart or gallon size zipping storage bag. Label your bag. You can even add a piece of the reflective tape to make it easier to find if you drop it or are looking for it in a dark pack. Include the following items:
    • Adhesive bandages: A few of each size will do. Pack mostly the 1" since they work well for blisters. Bandages that are foam instead of fabric offer more protection for blisters and can still be used for other first aid.
    • Antibiotic first aid ointment.
    • Benadryl or other antihistamine: Emergencies are not a good time to have an allergic reaction.
    • Epi-pen if you have been given one by your doctor for severe allergies. They're usually willing to write prescriptions for several so you can keep several available.
    • Prescription medication to last a day or two in a well-labeled container. If your medication changes, you need to update your kit. Be very specific when labeling describe the pill (or whatever), the dose, and what it treats. Don't forget an asthma inhaler if you are an asthmatic. You may be walking and air quality could be questionable.
    • Pain killers, such as aspirin. Look in the travel/trial size section of stores for small bottles.
    • Ace bandage: is great for rolled ankles or can be used to immobilize a limb.
    • Latex or vinyl gloves (if you are allergic to latex) are a must. You could be around injured people or need to treat someone with your first aid kit.
    • Anti-bacterial hand gel for cleaning up.
    • Wash cloth or hand towel: can be used for clean up, wiping a sweaty brow or signaling.
    • Find a travel/trial size of saline solution (or contact lens rewetting solution) and include it in your kit. Flushing eyes may be necessary for contact lens wearers or for anyone in dusty or polluted air. It can also be used to irrigate a wound.
    • Assorted gauze or other first aid items. You can use additional quart or gallon size plastic storage bags to keep items dry and organized.

  13. Pack a small flashlight. Find at least a small or medium flashlight or head light and make sure it has fresh batteries. You won't get a warning on a massive power outage or evacuation. A flashlight is a must.
    • Avoid penlights: they're too small and dim and their batteries die quickly.
    • Look for a small to medium light that takes AA or C batteries. It depends on how much space you have, your needs and how much weight you can tolerate. Lightweight plastic flashlights are great. You don't need to spend a lot but make sure it works.
    • There are many newer, pocket-sized LED flashlights on the market that are less expensive (check discount), more durable (no bulbs to burn out or break), and produce more light per set of batteries.
    • Shakable flashlights have become popular but test its reliability, working time, and brightness before you rely on it in an emergency. If it takes too much of your energy to work, it won't do you any good.
    • Head-mounted torches (headlights) are more versatile and practical than hand-held torches (traditional hand flashlights).
    • You can go full size (D cell) if you have room and can stand the weight.
    • Add some leftover reflective tape to your flashlight, especially if it's black. It will save you from feeling around for it or having to dump your bag. It will also make it easier to find it it's dropped.

  14. Pick up a dust face mask from your local hardware or paint store and add it to your kit. They only cost a few cents. If you need one, you really need one.
  15. Pack a map of your city which includes streets and public transportation (subway stop) information. You may be forced to detour, disembark a train early, or take an alternate route -- finding yourself in unfamiliar territory. Always keep a map to find the best way to your destination.
  16. Write down a list of emergency contact numbers. Cell phone service may be down or your phone charge may not last. Consider keeping the numbers of friends or family near work, in between work and home, and someone who could pick you up and offer shelter. Keep the numbers stashed in your kit. Phone traffic may be heavy and connections hard to come by, so don't rely on calling information first. Your memory of numbers may also be strained in a stressful situation, so keep things written down.




  17. Consider a portable charging unit for your phone. There are solar and wind-up chargers available. Others often use a few small batteries and convert the power to give your phone a small charge. Check travel sites, mobile phone supply stores, or airport kiosks.
  18. Hide cash in your bag, but not too much. You can often hide it under the sturdy cardboard bottom. You can use this for transportation or to buy food or drink. Don't forget to include several quarters should you need to use a public phone and be able to find one. Don't keep a lot of cash or advertise what you keep in your bag. You don't want your stash pilfered by a dishonest co-worker, customer or cleaning staff.
  19. Pack a small pack of tissues and moist wipes. It may provide dual use in case the restroom facilities lack proper supplies. Think of the different things you may encounter on the way home. Every city and its facilities are different.
  20. Add a all purpose pocket tool or Swiss Army knife. There are too many ways to use one of these to begin to list them all.
  21. Hydrate and nourish! Water is heavy to carry but you will need to have plenty available. You'll also need high calorie snacks.
    • Keep at least one sealed bottle of water in your bag, pack more if you can stand the weight.
    • Refillable bottles as often as you safely can in an emergency.
    • Pack granola bars, protein bars, etc. that are high in calories and carbohydrates and store well long term. Food is not only necessary for energy, it can be great for morale. Dried fruit is also an excellent option.
    • Peanut butter (assuming you're not allergic to peanuts) comes in handy tubes, is an excellent source of protein, and does not require refrigeration or cooking.
    • If your children are at a nearby day care or you will be evacuating with them you should bring enough food and water for them as well.
    • It's better to have too much than too little. You can always give some away.

  22. Tune in! Look for a small, battery operated FM transistor radio for your bag. These can be found in discount stores or electronic stores for minimal investment. All local radio stations will begin emergency broadcasting if there is an emergency in your area. Make sure it has fresh batteries and is turned off before adding it to your bag.
  23. Add a luggage tag with your name and contact information to your bag. If possible, add some form of identification inside your bag such as an old employee ID. You may have left behind your handbag.
  24. Tape an extra house key into the bottom of the bag underneath the cardboard bottom (with your money). If you leave a house key, don't add anything to identify it as such. A spare car key could also be helpful depending on your situation. Don't put your address on your luggage tag if you keep a spare key.
  25. Resist the urge to tap into your bag for a bottle of water, band-aid, etc. Keep the kit intact and only open it to check medication expiration dates, check or replace batteries or replace dated food.


  26. Pack your bag and store it in a locker, under your desk, in a filing cabinet nearby, or somewhere else it can be grabbed in a hurry. If in doubt, grab it.
    • Take it for fire drills and other alarms. Keep it handy when news has reached you of an emergency in your city.
    • You may not realize you are in a evacuation situation until you've been separated from your kit.
    • In large cities, earthquake or tornado prone areas, and large office buildings, it is wise to be a little paranoid.

  27. Renew your kit regularly. Set a reminder on your phone or computer to check your bag every few months. You might want to check twice a year (perhaps when you replace your smoke detector batteries or set clocks forward or back for daylight savings time), use family birthdays as reminders, or set the reminders on your desktop calendar. At least check once a year on a reminder date, such as September 11th.
    • Check the perishables (batteries, food, and first aid items) for expiration, leaking, or borrowing. Verify that maps and phone numbers are all up-to-date. Check for brittle gloves, missing items, operation electronics, and anything else that could go wrong that you wouldn't want to face in an emergency.
    • Send an email to your home computer with a list of items you'll need to restock it, or print your list. You may not remember once you leave the office.



Tips


  • Keep batteries in store packaging as placing batteries in devices allows them to slowly discharge. Have scissors or your multi-purpose or Swiss army knife to cut open the package or store batteries in a marked plastic bag.
  • Reverse the batteries or use another method to prevent the flashlight and radio from coming on when not in use. You don't want to rustle the bag and unknowingly turn on the item and drain the battery.
  • Try adding a piece of duct tape or medical tape to the on/off switches of flashlights and batteries. You don't want to accidentally rustle the bag under your desk and turn the item on. You'll have dead batteries when you need them.
  • If you work in flood prone areas or areas known for drainage issues, you should keep a pair of appropriate waterproof footwear.
  • Buy a metro card or public transit pass and keep it stashed in your bag. If you get to a station that's operational you can skip the ticket counter or not have to worry about finding cash or exact change.
  • Think about your climate and add to your kit to allow you to travel more comfortably in areas with severe and possibly dangerous temperatures.
    • If you live in a severely cold climate area, you could also add a pair of sweatpants, hats, thermal underwear or other cooler weather wear. Something super warm may be needed instead of fashionable to and from work wear. You could pack a larger pack.
    • If you live in a hot weather climate where exposure and heat could be harmful you should think of packing a lightweight shirt, shorts, a hat and additional water.

  • Keep the bag in your locker or under your desk. Don't keep it in an underground parking garage as you may not have time or the access to retrieve it. If you can, stock an extra kit more appropriate for your car.
  • If you have a slightly larger back pack, you may have room to stash your handbag or a wallet inside. Don't concern yourself with briefcases and laptops, just get what you need to survive on the streets for hours. For the NYC blackouts many were attempting to travel with books, files, briefcases and non-essentials. They were throwing these away or asking strangers and business to hold the items with some success.
  • Lip balm and sunscreen are also extremely handy to have.
  • You may not need to buy everything at once. You can probably borrow from your home medicine cabinet and tool box to get started. Instead of buying full sized products you should visit the travel size section in your local drug or department store for other items. The packaging will be small and easy to pack.
  • Laptops, expensive jewelry and furs could make you a target for robbery. Consider leaving what you can at work and traveling with less ostentatious looking items.
  • With Blackberry, iPhone and smart PDA's you will have accessibility and mobility and can safely leave the office without hauling laptops.
  • Managers, if there's extra money in the budget consider giving your team items to enhance their bag. Encourage kit refreshing and reward your team with gift cards to discount stores, flashlights, first aid kits or even just cater snacks while they are putting their kits together.
  • Consider making it a staff team building exercise. Do this instead of an ice cream social or happy hour.
  • When coordinating with co-workers see if anyone has extra items at home they can contribute to a community box for your kit making day. Someone in your office may have kids and plenty of used backpacks, an extra poncho or even some extra batteries or band aids. It adds up.
  • A mechanical pencil, a notepad and a book of matches or lighter would be smart additions to the kit.
  • Consider adding a pair of safety glasses to your kit. These can be especially helpful to prevent foreign matter, dust, blood or other irritants from your eyes. These can be purchased at some drug stores, safety supply, construction supply or medical supply stores. You can also find them online. They are inexpensive and many can be placed over everyday glasses.
  • If you are packing multiple battery powered devices, try to choose ones that use the same type of battery. You can then pack an extra set that works for both and will be able to trade off in the devices.


Warnings


  • You may be tempted to add mace, a stun gun or other weapon to your bag. Use caution since it may be against company policy to keep such items at work.
  • Audible/Personal alarms work very well to scare a possible attacker.
  • Always make sure you have latex or vinyl gloves in your kit. Blood born pathogens are very real and not everyone is upfront or knows about infections or health problems. You may also encounter injured people or need to treat someone with your first aid kit. Don't forget to wear your gloves. The gloves can also be handy if you must treat yourself and have dirty hands. It will help keep the first aid process cleaner and reduce your risk of infection.
  • Reversing batteries can damage some L.E.D. flashlights. Use another method to prevent accidental activation of L.E.D. lights.


Things You'll Need


  • Athletic shoes with shock absorbing soles
  • Crew or long athletic socks
  • Flashlight with batteries - LED Flashlight lasts longer and runs on smaller batteries
  • Small radio with batteries
  • Map of your city
  • Backpack
  • Water
  • Easy to store foods that are high in calories and carbohydrates
  • First Aid Kit
  • Cash and quarters
  • Form of ID (hidden in bag)
  • Spare house key (hidden in bag)
  • Poncho or other rain gear
  • Phone numbers of friends and family
  • Extra cell battery
  • Pain killers and anti-histamines
  • Dust or particulate mask
  • Scotchbrite or other reflective fabric to enhance you and your items for safety (optional but suggested)
  • Work Gloves - useful for moving heavy, sharp or abrasive items as well as keeping your hands warm
  • Sun Screen
  • Thin, Warm "Beanie" hat
  • Whistle
  • Multi Tool (Leatherman) or a pocket knife
  • Emergency Blanket/Space Blanket/Survival Blanket (Approximately a 4'x6' Mylar sheet. When packaged they measure about 3"x4" and weigh just a few ounces.)
  • Firestarting supplies (matches)


Related wikiHows




Sources and Citations


  1. neverforget911.org



Article provided by wikiHow, a wiki how-to manual. Please edit this article and find author credits at the original wikiHow article on How to Create an Urban Emergency Evacuation Kit for Work. All content on wikiHow can be shared under a Creative Commons license.



Original: http://alabamapreppersnetwork.blogspot.com/2009/03/build-bugout-kit-for-when-you-are-at.html

Survive a Long Fall


How to Survive a Long Fall


from wikiHow - The How to Manual That You Can Edit

"If at first you don't succeed, skydiving is not for you" - Arthur McAuliff
What can you do if you slip off the scaffolding 10 stories above the ground or, worse yet, if your parachute fails while you are skydiving? The odds are not on your side. Is it possible to survive a free-fall from 50, 250, or 25,000 feet (15, 75, or 7500 m) above the ground? The answer is yes. There are hundreds, maybe thousands of people who have fallen from such heights and lived to tell the tale. While most of it comes down to luck, there are ways you can influence your velocity, the duration of your deceleration, and the distribution of the impact forces upon your body, and ultimately increase your chance of survival.

Steps


  1. Slow your fall using the arch position. Unless you’re falling from an airplane, you won’t have enough time to try this step. Maximize your surface area by spreading yourself out using this skydiving technique.
    • Position yourself so that the front of your body faces the ground.
    • Arch your back and pelvis and tilt your head back like you’re trying to touch the back of your head to the back of your legs
    • Extend your arms so that your upper arms are out to the sides, and bend your elbows at a 90 degree angle so that your lower arms and hands point forward (parallel to, and on the sides of, your head) with your palms facing down; spread your legs to shoulder width.
    • Bend your knees slightly.

  2. Find the best landing spot. This step can only be performed if falling from an airplane. For very high falls, the surface on which you land is the greatest influence on your chance of survival. Observe the terrain below you as you are falling.
    • Hard, inflexible surfaces such as concrete are the worst on which to fall. Very uneven or jagged surfaces, which present less surface area to distribute the force of impact, are also undesirable.
    • The best possible surfaces on which to fall are snow, deep water (preferably water that is fast moving or frothy, such as the kind found at the bottom of a waterfall; see Tips), soft ground (such as that in a newly tilled field or in a marsh), and trees or thick vegetation (although these present a high risk of impalement).
    • If you are over an urban area, you probably won’t be able to control your flight precisely enough to choose a good landing surface, but glass- or tin-roofed structures, awnings, and cars are preferable to streets and concrete rooftops.
    • Search for steep slopes that gradually grow gentler, since you will not lose all of your momentum at once when you hit the ground, greatly reducing the impact on your body.

  3. Steer yourself to the landing spot. If you’re falling from an airplane, you will usually have about 1-3 minutes before impact, depending on your starting altitude. You will also have the ability to travel horizontally (while, obviously, traveling vertically) a good distance (up to a couple of miles or three kilometers).
    • From the arch position described above, you can direct your flight forward by pulling your arms slightly back at the shoulders (so that they are not extended forward as much) and straightening (extending) your legs.
    • You can move backward by extending your arms and bending your knees as though you are trying to touch the back of your head with your heels.
    • Right turns may be accomplished while staying in the arch position by twisting your upper body slightly to the right (dipping your right shoulder), and left turns are performed by dipping the left shoulder.

  4. Bend your knees. Possibly nothing is more important to surviving a fall (or simpler to do) than bending your knees. Research has shown that having one’s knees bent at impact can reduce the magnitude of impact forces 36-fold.
  5. Relax. Relaxing during a long fall—especially as you near the ground—is easier said than done, but try anyway. If your muscles are tense, your body will transfer force more directly to your vital organs.
    • Studies of long-fall survivors have shown that those who reported being relaxed suffered, on average, far less severe injuries than those who reported being panicked or tense. It has also been shown that people who jump intentionally and those who are intoxicated at the time of the fall have disproportionately higher survival rates than fall victims in general. While the reason for these higher survival rates is unclear, one likely explanation is that people who are drunk or who actually want to die may be more relaxed before and upon impact.
    • One way to remain (relatively) calm is to focus on performing the steps and being aware of your body. Doing so gives you something else to think about besides impending death.

  6. Land feet-first. No matter what height you fall from, you should always try to land on your feet. While landing feet-first concentrates the impact force on a small area, it also allows your feet and legs to absorb the worst of the impact. If you are in any other position, try to right yourself before you hit the ground (fortunately, attaining the feet-first position seems to be an instinctive reaction). Keep your feet and legs tightly together so that both your feet hit the ground at the same time.
  7. Land on the balls of your feet! Point your toes slightly down before impact so that you will land on the balls of your feet. This will allow your lower body to more effectively absorb the impact.
  8. Try to roll. It's in video games, and it works in real life, too. This can absorb the impact greatly by moving your body's force across the ground instead of straight into it. Tuck your arm under your leg and roll your head towards your chest as soon as you hit the ground. Make sure you do not roll after you've 'bounced' off the ground once you've landed.
  9. Protect your head on the bounce. When you fall from a great height onto land, you will usually bounce. Some people who survive the initial impact (often with a feet-first landing) suffer a fatal injury on their second impact. Cover your head with your arms. One technique for doing so is to put your arms on the sides of your head with your elbows facing forward (and projecting in front of your face) and your fingers laced behind your head or neck. This covers a large portion of your head, but obviously not all of it. If you have time to get an indication of which way you’re bouncing (and hence which part of your head you’re likely to hit), you can quickly adjust your arms to cover that part of your head.
  10. Control the orientation of your body on the bounce. As you would expect, mortality is highest when the initial point of impact is the head. Mortality declines (in this order) when the point of impact is ventral (the front of the body), dorsal (back of the body), lateral (side of the body), and feet-first.
    • Assuming you succeed in taking the brunt of the initial impact feet-first, you should try to control your body upon initial impact and during the bounce so that you land on your side or back on the second impact. Ideally, you should twist your hips to one side or the other immediately upon initial impact.
    • At much lower velocities (such as those experienced with a proper parachute-assisted landing), this motion will help you distribute the force first through your legs, then through your buttocks and shoulder. In reality, you will be going as much as five or six times faster than you would with a parachute and your control over your body’s motion will be severely limited. The key is to stay aware of your body and your surroundings and, even in midair on the bounce, try to get your body to land first on your legs or side.

  11. Get medical help immediately. With all the adrenaline flowing in response to your flight, you may not even feel injured upon landing. Even if you are not visibly injured, you may have sustained fractures or internal injuries that must be treated immediately. No matter how you’re feeling, get to a hospital as quickly as possible.


Tips


  • Water landings are best done landing feet-first with legs tight together and arms extended straight above your head, while leaning back very slightly. Leaning back helps to reduce forced unnatural movement of the neck and the amount of water that will rush up your nose. If in doubt, you basically want to be as straight vertical as possible. You will travel quite deep into the water, so try to keep your wits about you and quickly swim toward the surface (look for light). When you enter the water you will create a path of bubbles which may be followed as they float up towards the surface. If there is no light, follow the bubbles.
  • Choose a large landing spot. Unless you have substantial skydiving experience, you will probably not be able to steer with much precision. Your primary goal should be to steer yourself away from particularly undesirable surfaces.
  • Skydiving turns are not easy to perform without practice, and you may find yourself flipping and spinning wildly at some point in your flight. Try to regain stability by going into the arch position. If nothing else, the stability will help you to remain somewhat calm.
  • If you are in an arch position while falling from an airplane, try to get your body vertical well before you hit the ground so that you don’t get caught in some other position at impact (as a guide, keep in mind that at 1,000 feet (300 m), depending on your velocity, you have about 6-10 seconds before impact). As far as your chances of survival, the benefits of a feet-first landing will generally outweigh the increase in velocity that will occur when you switch from the arch to the feet-first position.
  • Good physical condition and youth seem to positively influence free-fall survival rates. You can’t change your age, but if you’re looking for yet another reason to get in shape, here it is.
  • In Jump school they teach you something called a 'PLF' (Parachute Landing Fall). A PLF is basically a way to dissipate as much kinetic energy as possible prior to your head and neck contacting the surface of the earth. A PLF simply involves landing feet first and tumbling forward and onto your knees, then rotating a bit to fall on your butt, rolling finally onto your back and shoulder.


Warnings


  • If choosing to land in water, it is important to understand that unless the water is quite deep and you land feet-first with your body nearly vertical, water will cushion you about as much as concrete (due to the surprising power of surface tension; even small bellyflops into swimming pools hurt). In addition, if you survive the impact, you may be severely injured and/or unconscious, and thus the risk of drowning is high.
  • People very seldom survive falls from heights of 100 feet (30 m) or more, and mortality is high even at heights of 20-30 feet (6-9 m). It is always best not to fall at all.


Related wikiHows




Sources and Citations





Article provided by wikiHow, a wiki how-to manual. Please edit this article and find author credits at the original wikiHow article on How to Survive a Long Fall. All content on wikiHow can be shared under a Creative Commons license.


Original: http://alabamapreppersnetwork.blogspot.com/2009/03/survive-long-fall.html

What are we prepping for?


So just what are we all prepping for? I've been doing a lot of reading online about what's going on in the world around us. It seems a lot of interesting things are happening that aren't making it to our local newspaper.

How do we know just what we should be stocking up on or preparing for? Will what we chose to have be different depending on what we think the threat is? I think the basics of food, water and first aid will stay the same regardless.

Economic colapse? Seems like with the way the world's economy is going, this is certainly a possibility. If this happens we should probably have a stash of money that is not in the banking system in case our bank goes belly up like the one in Kansas did. I know technically the FDIC insures our deposits, but how long would it take to get that money back if it did fail? Maybe we should also stockpile some things to barter just in case. Extra lamp oil, extra food, etc. Whatever you think the hot commodity will be if people cannot get things easily.

Pandemic? Bird flu is still out there and there are still cases of it being reported in other countries. It may only be a matter of time before it reaches the United States. What do we need in case of a pandemic? Masks, extra first aid supplies, water purifier? We'll certainly want to make sure we don't have to leave the house for anything if this hits the US. Do you have enough supplies at home to stay there for an extended period of time?

Foreign Invasion/Takeover? Now that the US has given China eminent domain in exchange for China continuing to purchase our US Treasury notes and currency reserves, who knows how long it will be before they exercise that choice? What will we need in this case? Of course, there is always the threat of invasion from Middle Eastern countries like what happened on 9/11.

EMP Pulse? Iran now has nuclear capabilities and has the capability of setting of an EMP pulse above the US which will basically wipe out our electronic capabilities. Think of it... no tv, radio, internet, electricity, propane, gasoline, communications, satellites. We'd basically be plunged back into the 1800s. Can you survive without our modern day conveniences? Heat your house, cook your food, wash your clothes, locate food & water, travel, etc.?

Nuclear war? I don't feel anywhere near informed enough to comment on this possiblity. Depending on your location, it may simply be a matter of staying inside for a long period of time but what would happen to the rest of the world? Our food supply, the soil conditions, animals, water supply, civil unrest, health issues?

Whatever you believe may or may not happen in our future, don't put off preparing any longer. Even if all you do is grab an extra can of tuna fish & a bag of beans each week, start now.


Original: http://vermontpreppersnetwork.blogspot.com/2009/02/what-are-we-prepping-for.html

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