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Sunday, March 1, 2009

Building a Vehicle Emergency Kit

fa121807e 300x200 Building a Vehicle Emergency KitYour Car Emergency Kit should be designed to accommodate a wide variety of potential Emergency Situations that may occur while you are in or near your vehicle. There are several categories that you should carefully consider when you are assembling your kit. The most important thing to remember is to not forget about it – an Emergency Kit is never something you just throw in the back and never think about again. You’ll want to maintain it and adapt it regularly for the season.

The best frame of mind to try to put yourself in while planning your kit is to imagine yourself stuck in your car for a 24 – 48 hour period. What would you need, both for survival and for comfort? You should also consider scenarios that would potentially put you in this situation. What type of events could occur that would result in you being stuck in your car for an extended period?

Basic Car Emergency

Basic Car Emergencies include your battery dying, getting stuck in a ditch, running out of gas, simple breakdowns, etc. These are things that we are easily at risk for every time we drive our vehicles. As such, they are the most common things we’ll need our Emergency Kit for. This list includes several things that can be useful in a Basic Emergency.

  • Battery Jumper Cables - if your battery dies for some reason, you’ll have a much better chance of getting help quickly if you are able to actually supply the jumper cables for would be helpers. These can be purchased at any Automotive store and most Hardware stores or even Wal-Mart for about $35.00 - $50.00. You should make sure you know how to use them too - and anyone else who will be regularly driving your vehicle.
  • Tow Strap - If for some reason you end up in a ditch, your car dies and you need to get it to town or whatever else may happen that you need someone to pull your car a tow strap is a requirement. Just like with Towing Cables, if you are able to supply the Tow Strap, you’ll be able to get help much quicker.
  • Tool Set - you don’t need to bring a whole mechanic set with you but many repairs can be rigged together if you have a small assortment of tools, such as:
    • Sturdy Lock Blade Knife
    • Phillips and Flathead screwdrivers
    • Wire Cutters
    • Small electrical service kit (with strippers/crimpers and several different types of connectors, electrical tape and some spare wire)
    • Duct Tape
    • Slip Joint Pliers
    • Hammer (this might not be particularly useful other than that in an emergency situation sometimes it is helpful to beat the living tar out of something :) )
    • Hose repair kit - you can buy one of these at any Automotive Store
    • Spare fuses - you can buy a kit at your automotive store, if the wrong fuse blows it can incapacitate your vehicle. Being able to quickly switch it out can keep you from an extended emergency. Know where your fuse box is, how to tell if they’re blown and how to replace them.
    • Spare light bulbs - for your headlights especially but taillights as well.
    • Small Shovel - a folding camp shovel will do fine for this. You may need to dig your car out of dirt or snow. It can also be used to make a temporary latrine if your situation warrants.
  • Flat Tire Repair Kit - There are two sides to this, a repairable flat and an unrepairable one
    • Repairable Flat - A repairable flat is one that you can take care of on the side of the road and drive away from, without changing your tire. There is one thing you need for this - at least one can of Fix-A-Flat (I keep 2 in each car). These are simple to use and will often let you get into town to get your tire fixed
    • Unrepairable Flat - this is a flat tire that requires you to remove the tire and put on a different one. There are several things you need to make sure you have in your vehicle for this - and that you are familiar with how to use them:
      • Spare Tire (know where it is and how to get it out, this can actually be pretty tricky) Check it at least once a year to make sure it is still functional.
      • Jack (again, know where it is and how to get it out and use it)
      • Lug Wrench (this is often a part of your jack system, know where it is and how to use it)
  • Flashlight - Always keep at least one in your car, fixing any of the above issues will be much harder if you can’t see what you’re doing. Consider keeping a hand crank flashlight as a backup as well.
  • Road Flares or Reflector Triangle - If you’re broke down putting one of these out serves two purposes, it warns oncoming vehicles to avoid your stalled vehicle and it also lets people know that help may be needed.
  • Money - if you need a tow truck or to purchase emergency repair services you do not want to be caught without money to pay for it. A fairly safe, reliable and easy way to prepare for this is to purchase something like a Visa Gift Card with $100.00 - $300.00 (depending on what is realistic for you) on it and carefully stashing it in your car. Not in your glove box, but more like in the trunk, under the spare tire in a non-descript envelope or something. It doesn’t need to be easily accessible and you don’t want to risk having it stolen. If you don’t have your wallet or credit cards with you for some reason this may become a life-saver. Also keep a couple dollars in quarters in case you have to use a pay phone (remember those things?)
  • Umbrella - Useful for everyday use as well, anytime it’s raining and you want to stay dry. If you have a car emergency in a rain storm you’ll be miserable if you get out, get soaked and then have to sit in the car for several hours.
  • Wet Wipes - if you have to get out and do some dirty work on your car these will let you clean up a bit. Very useful for everyday use and extended emergencies as well, especially with kids
  • Diapers - if you have little ones that may be in the car with you, always keep several spare diapers in your car. Your basic emergency may be a sick kid that has a blow out - and a spare diaper may be the solution!
  • Toilet Paper - If you have kids, your basic emergency may be a kid that has to use the bathroom NOW and toilet paper may be a necessity on the roadside in the middle of nowhere. If you have an extended emergency or survival situation it will be even more important to have.
  • Fire Extinguisher - there are several potential situations where you would need a fire extinguisher, whether it’s your own car or the one in front of you - and none of those situations include giving you time to dig around in your trunk for an extinguisher - figure out a way to keep it within grabbing reach.
  • Gloves - keep a pair of work gloves for working on cold metal in the winter, ultra-greasy situations or anything else where you need to protect your hands
  • Tarp - a good 6×8 canvas tarp is a multi-use tool. In a basic emergency it can provide you with a clean, dry work space if you have to kneel, sit or lay on the ground to work on your car. In a survival situation, it can be used as an emergency shelter or a blanket.

Extended Emergency

Scenarios beyond the above Basic Emergencies require some different preparations. If you are stuck in your vehicle for more than a couple hours there are several things you may potentially need to have with you.

  • Water - especially in the summer, you can quickly become overheated and dehydrated if you are in a dead vehicle for several hours. To be prepared for a 48 hour emergency you should have at least 1 gallon of water for each passenger you have in the vehicle
  • Food - General nutrition shouldn’t be an issue here, but hunger might. You should have several granola bars and other types of easily edible foods stored in your emergency kit. You might also consider keeping a few canned meals and a can opener or MREs in your trunk.
  • Spare and Rechargeable Batteries - especially for your flashlights. Instead of relying on disposable batteries, invest in good rechargeables and keep a recharger in your car.
  • Tekkeon 3450 Universal Battery Pack - This battery pack can be used to power most personal electronic devices including laptop, camera, cell phone, video player, etc. It is very useful for everyday use and during an emergency can be used to extend battery life or to power multiple devices to help keep kids distracted during an emergency. The Tekkeon can be charged by the Sunlinq (below) or by plugging it into a regular outet (with the 12 volt power strip (below) you can use your car battery to charge it as well).
  • Cell Phone charger - in an extended emergency it is very likely that your cell phone battery will die. While a cell phone isn’t essential to survival, it certainly will help expedite your rescue (assuming you have phone service). Make sure you have the right Tekkeon Battery Pack (above) adaptors for you phone as well.
  • 12 Volt Power Strip - For extended emergencies and even everday use, I strongly recommend you invest in a good power outlet strip that plugs into your cigarette lighter. In my opinion a 4 outlet power strip is an essential in every car, with it you can charge and use pretty much any device - regardless of emergencies.
  • Blankets - If you end up having to spend the night in your car then most likely your car isn’t running. In this case, you won’t have any way to heat your vehicle and you and the kids could end up getting very cold.
  • Sunlinq 12 Watt Folding Solar Panel - we’ve discussed the benefits of being able to charge you phone and other batteries but there are some potentially critical issues with being able to do that. If you can’t start your car you won’t be able to use the car battery for very long before it dies. With the Sunlinq you can charge pretty much any rechargeable device as long as the sun is out. It is very compact and can be rolled tightly to fit into a backpack or corner of your trunk. (I STRONGLY recommend you have one of these in your regular BOBs as well).
  • Chemical Handwarmers - these are activated by air and are available at Wal-Mart and many other stores. If your car isn’t working you won’t have any heat generation, placing a handwarmer on your cold parts can make a situation much more tolerable. These usually last for more than 8 hours but keep more than you think you’ll need - they’re cheap and it’s likely you’ll want to put one in each shoe and hold one in each hand.
  • Heat in a Can - look for our article about this. These homemade toilet paper/alcohol stoves generate heat for warming up the car or for cooking on.
  • Hand Crank Radio - if your car battery dies or you go into a survival situation, having one of these will let you catch news and weather updates
  • FRS Radio -if you have a HAM license, keep a HAM radio as well. Having either or both of these radios will provide you with other options for calling for help in addition to your cell phone (if you have no cell service, these radios will be your ONLY means of communicating)
  • Scriptures - having your scriptures with you can provide comfort in a frightening situation and can help pass the time by getting in some good reading.
  • Emergency Phone Numbers - Most of us have these programmed in our cell phones or can call 411 or call a friend to look a number up. A lot of phones can also use the internet to look numbers up. But, it can be useful to have a hand written list stored in your car in case you have forgotten your phone or it isn’t working and you are borrowing someone elses phone or using a pay phone.

Survival

In a scenario where you have to bug out from your vehicle and hoof it to town you will need a basic survival kit (an example of this is if you are in the boonies and your car breaks down or you wreck/get stuck and nobody is around). Some of your survival kit could even be useful even if you just need to set up a camp where you broke down. Here are some things to include (this could easily become a very extensive kit)

  • Hiking/Walking shoes
  • 2 pairs of socks/person
  • Fire Starters (both something to light a fire with and something to get it going, such as a flint/steel set and cotton balls soaked in vaseline)
  • Water Filter - if you’re hoofing it, who knows what kind of water you’ll find. Make sure you have a good water filter with you.
  • Whistle - this will help you get the attention of potential rescuers
  • Map and Compass and/or GPS - not only will you need it to not get lost, you may also need it to find your way back to your car! Mark a waypoint for where your car is before you head out.
  • First Aid Kit - check out our post on first aid kits for some ideas on this

Those are the bare necessities for a car survival kit. As I said before, this can (and has in my case) become a full blown survival kit.

For Vehicle Emergency Preparedness in winter, check out some of our previous posts:

You might also check out some of our other posts on Bug Out Bags for other ideas on what to include in your Survival Kit:

Original: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/UtahPreppers/~3/k3Hxc38egqA/

Tool Tips - Part one

My good friend Dean in Arizona has graciously granted my request for a series of post on mechanic stuff, machine shop, and tools for the D-I-Y people out there. I hope everyone will take advantage of his knowledge and skills to solve some of your proplems or just add to your own wealth of knowledge.

Tool Tips - Part One

Hi everyone!

I'd like to take a moment to thank RW for inviting me to do a guest post on his site. I've been a long time reader of his, and his tips and ideas are great! He has invited me to pass on tips and tricks for not only what must have, should have, or how to, about tools and how to use them. My background is in the machine shop, I have a degree in automotive engineering, Tool and Die, and almost a mechanical engineering degree, so I know a bit about tools!

First, let's address the quality of your tools. I keep hearing about the poor quality of "Harbor Fright" tools. Sure, they are cheap, but I have some over 15 year's old and going strong! Not that I would use them for a living, but in a pinch, they work. If you’re not a professional mechanic, they will work fine as long as they are not abused. I was a machine shop manager for General Motors for a few years; they made fun of my Craftsman tools! I could not justify the price of SK or Mac tools, but I didn't rely on them the way they did.

I think every tool box should have at least 2 of every tool you can think of, a good set, and a cheap set, metric and standard. NEVER loan out the good stuff! When I was off road racing, I carried the cheap stuff on my bike or truck, the good stuff stayed in the pit. A few set's of cheap stuff will also be a great barter item, so get a few of everything!

So, let me go over what every basic toolbox should have. Granted, I’ll try to keep it to a minimal list, in my opinion, but it is must have stuff. Even if you don't know how or what it does, you might run into someone who can use it, fix your whatever, and be on your way! Depending on your skill level or ability, these may or may not apply, and I'm sure to get lot's of comment's about what I missed, I welcome them!

1. Socket set’s, metric and standard, regular and deep wall

2. Allen wrenches, metric and standard

3. Crescent wrenches, 4 6 8 and 12 inch

4. Screwdriver's, a full set

5. Breaker bar for the socket's

6. A flex head ratchet...a life saver!

7. Extensions for the sockets, at least 1 1/2 inches long

8. Torx wrench set. Common on newer cars and trucks

9. A small and big pipe wrench. When the crescent won't fit.

10. Tin snips.

11. Wire cutter/strippers and a connector set.

12. Chisel's, all size's

13. Hammers, a small and big one

14. A multi meter for electrical work


I know this is a minimal list, at least to me, but it will all fit into a hip roof type toolbox, and will fix 99 percent of what you may run into. If you have an ATV or some foreign vehicle, you may need some special tools for that, but this kit will do the basics at least. RW and I have discussed further posts regarding shop tips and such, maybe some how to stuff about welding and fabricating things.

We'd love to hear your input and ideas about what you'd like to see in the future!

Thanks again RW!

Dean in Az

Original: http://stealthsurvival.blogspot.com/2009/02/tool-tips-part-one.html

Weekly and Monthly Food Storage Plan Purchases


Some of you are asking how to organize yourselves to shop for food storage items. These are a few tips that have helped me and will be in my Food Storage Shopper planner, coming soon!!!

  1. Decide on your storage goal time frame. I recommend focusing on a 3 month supply first, even if you already have other long-term items like wheat and rice in your food storage. This is recommended by the LDS church. Stock up on non-perishable items such as canned and packaged foods your family already eats. I don't focus on freezer foods, though I still buy them with my regular perishable grocery shopping. In a long-term emergency, those items would be quickly gone. I also gather some household and toiletry items, and emergency supplies. See my Suggested Food & Home Storage Supply list for ideas.

  2. Next decide on a food storage budget. I have a separate one for groceries and food storage. Learning to live within a budget will prevent you from panic buying. None of us needs to do that. Shopping weekly for food storage will build up your stock nicely. My budget for the 6 of us at home is $800 with $400 for food storage/emergency supplies and $400 for other groceries/household/eating out/school & work lunches or $300 groceries/household only. That's $133.00 per month per person. Yours could be totally different, but sometimes it helps to see some numbers. Just so you know, I use to spend more just on groceries! Learned my lesson. I don't put money into a savings account for food storage. I just shop smarter, use some coupons, and plan better.


  3. Monthly Food Storage Shopping Plan worksheet

  4. Fill out a Monthly Food Storage Shopping Plan. This is where I write the items of food storage I want to purchase each month. I also list an estimate of how much they will cost. Of course this is just a guide because sometimes I find a great deal at a store that is not on this list. But my Monthly Food Storage Shopping Plan helps me stay within my budget.

  5. Closeup view

  6. I find ideas of what to purchase from Inventory sheets of items already at home. I use to use a computer spreadsheet, but my hand written inventory is so much easier and convenient to take with me to the store. I see I'm low on. My Inventory sheets have my 3 month goals for each item. If I have more than I need in stock of a particular item, I don't need to purchase any more until all the other items are purchased. This prevents over-buying one item and helps me pace my purchases until I reach my goal. So, with these Case Lot Sales, I won't purchase a year supply. I will purchase what I need to reach my 3 month goals if I have the budget to do so. There is no rush. Once I reach my 3 month goals, I will focus on my 6 month goals.
  7. I only put 1/4th of my food storage budget onto my Grocery List by Aisles. In my case, that is $100 I can spend a week on food storage, and $75 on groceries. Remember that is for 6 and you could probably do much better. So with the Case Lot sales coming up, I do not go into debt. There will be another one in the fall. And for those of you who live out of Utah, weekly food storage purchasing really makes sense. However, if you live far from the stores, you may want to shop once. Definitely not your grandmother's way of doing food storage.

  8. Next I plan weekly menu's using the grocery store ads and add what I need to buy onto my Grocery List by Aisles

  9. Then I go shopping.

That's my basics. Hope that helps. More of these ideas will be in my Food Storage Shopper planner coming soon.


Original: http://preparedldsfamily.blogspot.com/2009/02/weekly-and-monthly-food-storage-plan.html

SHTF: Gardening

Nightline had a story Thursday night about the return of the Victory Garden. As usual, they blabbed about the "sustainable, eco-friendly" reasons for growing at least some of your own food.

Despite the fact that the story was taped in the trendy, high dollar suburb of Venice, CA and most of those interviewed were well-heeled and single, just having this sort of story must be significant.

Victory Gardens hail from World War Two (they had a version in WWI as well), when the government encouraged Americans to start gardens in their backyards allowing farm produce to be sent to the troops and starving allies like England. Amazingly, at its height, 40% of the produce consumed by Americans came from backyard and community Victory gardens.

Remember, in the 1940's, most Americans either lived in rural areas or urban. There was little if any suburban dwellers. So these Victory Gardens were producing food from postage stamp sized lawns, window boxes, roof top planters and vacant lots.

Imagine what today's suburban farmer could do with their 100 x 200 lot in a modern subdivision.

Asides on the Nightline story..

There were three interviewed in the story.. a single guy, a garden consultant and a odd ball film maker who had a few raised beds in front of his ocean front home. Wow - what diversity.

They should have included a Midwestern (or anywhere in the U.S.) family with kids working a backyard garden complete with a few yard walkers who were trying to shave their grocery bills.. (and prepare for the coming food shortages.. )..

They should have included an urban dweller with a mini farm in an adjoining vacant lot..

They should have included one of those supersized community lots seen in many large urban areas..

But they didn't. Oh well.

Next up Compost.

Do you compost? I do. Everything from the kitchen in the form of vegetable and fruit waste, tea bags and coffee grinds goes into the compost heap. With spring approaching, I have my own way of expediting the compost process.

I take my large planting pots from last year and add..

- A layer of leaves.
- A layer of dirt.
- A big old pile of rotting vegetable and fruit scraps, coffee grounds, etc.
- Anther layer of dirt.
- Another layer of leaves on top.

Mash the whole thing down underneath another empty pot and leave it alone for a couple of weeks. After that time, I dump the full pot into the top pot, turn over and leave it alone for a couple of weeks. Repeat until planting time.

It works for me.

Watch out for vermin in the compost heap. Rats and mice love digging for those kitchen scraps and once you have those guys, they aren't leaving anytime soon.

I go out in the evening with a flashlight and my little Robin Hood (a kids wooden bow and arrow with the rubber tip removed and the end sharpened with a pencil sharpener). Scares the devil out of those pests.

Time to get to the hardware store and check out the seed selection. In my area, the seeds come out now and disappear at Easter (must be a Lent thing). After April, you can't find any vegetable seeds at the store.

Remember, you can produce your own food at home and it is mandatory that you start this year. There is no reason to expect our economy to support Washington's madness much longer.

Good luck!

Original: http://survivalism.blogspot.com/2009/02/shtf-gardening.html

WHEAT BERRY SALAD WITH TART DRIED CHERRIES AND WALNUTS

Fresh Ingredients

2 cups cooked diced chicken *optional

2 green onions, sliced

1/2 cup fresh parsley, chopped

Storage Ingredients

2 cups cooked wheat berries

3/4 cup chopped and toasted walnuts

2 stalks celery, diced

1/2 cup tart dried cherries, diced

3 tablespoons olive oil

2 tablespoons lemon juice

salt and pepper to taste

Whisk the olive oil, lemon juice and salt and pepper together, set aside. Mix everything else together and toss with the olive oil mixture. ***The flavors in this salad really blend and taste so much better when prepared a day ahead of time. Also, you may want to consider adding 2 cups of cooked diced chicken for a complete meal.

My buddy Kris just returned from a family thing in Manti, Utah. She served this new salad recipe for the first time and said that everyone enjoyed it. I’ve found that wheat dishes are PERFECT for potluck dinners. They’re almost always better when prepared ahead of time, they travel and store well, and they add something totally new and interesting to the spread. No more frog eye salad for me. There’s a new Mayor in town!

Thank you for sharing this recipe, Kris! I hope to post your Zesty Wheat Berry And Black Bean Chili next! Are we getting healthy or what?


Original: http://www.idareyoutoeatit.com/2009/02/wheat-berry-salad-with-tart-dried-cherries-and-walnuts/