Friday, January 16, 2009
The very first survival knife that I ever bought. Virtually indestructible & one of my favorite knives.
Unlike most hollow handle survival knives the Bushman has no joint or seam between the blade and handle that requires a mechnical fastener. Instead the Bushmans blade and integral handle have been expertly cold forged out of a single piece of high carbon steel.Blade 7- Overall 12.76- Weight 10.1 oz Codura sheath
This will show you how to craft a neat and simple portable lamp from a recycled water bottle. Not only will it shed its light for hours on end it will create a talking piece to prompt others to join in our fight to save the globe. Save these valuable bottles and recycle/up cycle them any way you can!
Let’s build our LED lamp.
We will only need a few items for this project. They include
~ Two water bottles.
~ One High powered LED. (Preferably out of some old electronics)
~ An applicable battery for your LED (If you can not obtain a battery to suit, purchase some resistors from your local electronics store.).
~ One rocker switch (purchase one from your local electronics store or salvage it from old electronics)
~ 240 grit sand paper.
Cut the top off one of your bottles.
Make the cut below the neck where the bottle neck meets the flat sides. Trim the cut flush.
This will be the top of our lamp.
Cut the bottom off your other bottle.
Make the cut about 12 mm / 1/2 inch from the bottom. Trim the cut flush
this will be our base of the lamp.
We now need to cut the hole for the switch. Trace out the required hole and cut where you feel appropriate. I chose the back, yet the side would still be fine.
In order to make the bottle seem less like a bottle, we shall sand the plastic to an opaque finish. This will still allow light to transfer yet diffuse it to a certain extent.
Take your sand paper and with circular motions abrade the inside and outside of the top/bottom.
The circuit is a very basic. It is simply a LED connected on one terminal to a Battery (Mine are 3x rechargeable 1.5v) then the other battery terminal is connected to a Switch then the switch is connected back to other terminal of the LED. My circuit does not require resistors, as the value of the LED equals the power output of my batteries. The batteries are housed within the LED module. Practice making your own basic lighting circuits. They are great for simple projects like this.
Apply some of your adhesive to the center of the base, then to the LED. Allow to dry. Cut out a hole to insert your switch. Insert the switch with a little adhesive to hold.
I would suggest you not glue the base and top together, as when the battery finally dies you may wish to change it. Provided you get the base correct you should find the fit very snug and adequate to function.
You may also wish to apply a mains power transformer unit, if you intend on this device running for extended periods of time.
Your LED Water Bottle lamp shall provide you with hours of illuminated delight and will transform any darkened room into an aesthetical wonderland. Not only is it pleasing to the eye, it also provides ample light for any home DIY project. The fully shrouded exterior means no worries when it comes to bumps and knocks.
I hoped you enjoyed this project and bare in mind that the possibilities are endless when it comes to recycling. No valuable bottle reaches my recycling at home. They are immediately washed/labels removed and stacked according to size. They are then harvested for the raw materials. They are an excellent medium to exploit for a variety of ingenious projects.
I hope you are all inspired to create your own bottle piece of ingenuity. Good Luck!!
To persevere, to press through your present pain.
You will heal.
For you have known deep pain before,
And you will be a survivor this time too.
Your strength is truly far greater than you know.
So keep your visions clear, your dreams alive.
And in time, your dark night will fade
Into the clear, warm, morning light of healing!
~Caroline Joy Adams
Flashlights are one of the more basic and useful survival supplies for the suburban survivalist. The ability to have fast and effective light with no smoke or odor is an advantage in the first few months of an emergency.
Purchase several flashlights over time: When money is tight, buy several of the more inexpensive flashlights first. Try to have at least one flash light for every major room in the house, and at least one flash light for each person that is likely to show up at the door during an emergency. Also have an extra flashlight for the driver seat of each vehicle, and for each emergency bag.
When selecting flashlights, make sure that there is at least one that takes AAA, AA, C and D celled batteries. At first it might seem to make sense to have all flashlights using the same battery, and stocking up on that battery only. However, flashlights are not the only product that will use batteries, and having batteries that are multi-purpose is a generally good idea. (Batteries meant to be used in the radio may be used for light instead if the situation calls for it). Also some batteries may be available after an emergency has settled down, and being able to use most batteries will give the well-prepared an edge. Although it is good to have flashlights in all battery sizes, it may also be a good idea to focus most of the effort on the single size that makes the most sense for each person.
During normal times, try to keep the flashlights in each room, and in a standardized place. In an unannounced power outage during the middle of the night, it would be advisable to be able to go directly to a flashlight instead of having to search in the dark for hours.
|FEMA - Plan Ahead|
FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) is the government agency that's supposed to organize help after any widespread natural or man-made disaster in the U.S. While they are often criticized for being unprepared, slow and even incompetent at times, this site offers a lot of very good suggestions and advice about preparing for a disaster. Additional useful emergency preparedness information can be found perusing the virtual shelves of the FEMA Library.
How I Became a Survivalist and Remained Squeezably Soft
By John Galt
December 3, 2008
In the great year of 1999, I was prepared to hunker down in my humble home with my wife and critters for the end of the world as we know it (TEOTWAWKI for all you still learning the lingo). I was cushioned by my vast supplies of rice, beans, canned foods, guns, ammo and the one thousand rolls of toilet paper which I insisted would save our lives one day.
Sadly, the non-event of Y2K shattered so many of my illusions and dreams of leading a “Red Dawn” style movement to liberate the programmers that would save the day. Instead, the only thing that failed technologically in my household was a calculator which flickered off and on, which turned out to be a dying battery and not an error in code implanted by Chinese Communist agents looking to destroy our nation.
This lost dream forced me into a spiraling staircase of doubt that the survivalist mentality was not only wrong but misguided by people who wanted me to buy camouflage and learn how to roast pine beetles with dandelions in my back yard instead of just firing up the Weber Grill and creating my own masterpieces of culinary delight. Events in the coming year would prove my doubts wrong and my desire to resheeple during the year an almost irreconcilable mistake.
When the terrorist struck our nation on September 11, 2001, I feared the worst. I ran to my supply closets and started breaking out the ammo cans expecting an invasion of Islmofacist hordes much like the Mongols stormed the Turkish steppes centuries earlier. As I loaded magazines and watched the horror unfold on television, the realization that President Bush was in our area, speaking to those kids, hit me that indeed we could be at risk. As the President departed Sarasota on television, I had to go out into my front yard and see Air Force One as it ascended from our airport now fully realizing the horror of our new future began to sink in as the fighter jets roared overhead with the Boeing 747. “God help us” I thought to myself. Indeed, we, as a nation needed prayer and guidance more than ever.
As time moved forward, the doubts about the entire 9-11 disaster entered my mind, primarily via shortwave radio broadcasters who started to convince me that all of those years of college and information my professors relating to the fanaticism of the Islamic extremists was indeed a myth. I actually had a little doubt in mind about the events I witnessed with my own eyes on television or if Bin Laden was a real person or not or just a psychotropic illusion induced by a CIA planted hallucinogenic agent introduced into those red berries in my Captain Crunch Berries cereal.
Alas, the whiplash of being slapped back into the real world hit me like a ton of bricks as some personal misfortune made me realize that I needed the survivalist mentality to get by and to succeed. That is why I began to understand that allowing my stash to drop below three hundred rolls was a mistake, and learning to research to find out the truth about so many things became an important part of my life.
So I could help my wife and I and our families survive the coming times.
The tongue in cheek metaphor for so many people in the “prepper” or “survivalist” community is the measure of how many rolls of toilet paper you have stored up for hard times. There are some folks that I know who take that issue dead seriously, even creating spreadsheets measuring usage and cost which is fine unless of course you use more than the average bear which is much more information than I need to know in this lifetime. Alas, that is not the reality though, as freedom and independence are the real story which is what every fine person within this community has always tried to defend and convey.
The mindset in reality is to be prepared for almost anything, and that is what I have tried my best to get my family prepared for. You have to learn to live your lives and balance the day to day needs, practical and emotional, of your spouse and yourself. There is no reason to wake up every morning expecting to put green camouflage paint on your face and play Rambo in the reality of the proverbial real world. Yet letting one’s guard down is not an option as September 11, 2001 so vividly illustrated. That is where learning and dealing with the balance is so important.
I have tried my best to balance my time to prepare with the real world so I do not have my friends and relatives looking to have my household visited by those nice young men with the jackets with lots of buckles and snaps in the back. It is a difficult balance, at times annoying my lovely wife beyond belief, yet you have to find it or you will go insane. The times we are entering are historic for our nation and will eventually lead to the final revision of our system of economic and political structure which means our Constitution shall sadly be drastically revised. To me this means you have to follow the proverbial “prepare for the worst, pray for the best” line of thinking and hope to the dear Lord your actions will take care of those that you love.
I shall always endeavor to seek out like minded souls so I can learn more. The education process is so critical at this time that without it, I might slide back into the Jerry Springer version of America where reality is defined by the insane lack of practical morals and dependence on others to survive. That is not living if you think about it. That is leeching, the process of latching on to others for your existence which requires no moral compass, no spiritual guidance and a total abandonment of the principles which created our nation. The Marxist ideals so carefully infused into our education system and life principles one teaspoon at a time have finally born fruit for those that wished to bring freedom and capitalism down to their knees. The dual concepts of dependence and submission are creating the problems we see now, and unfortunately shall multiply in intensity in the years to come.
With that desire for the preservation of the original American system in mind, I hope that everyone takes a breath of fresh air and pauses to reflect on what your moral center is and how your own personal Declaration of Independence might help you to survive the trying times we are now in the midst of. I could suggest a list of goods, training and programs to help you start down this path but there is only one thing each individual must do. I feel you must look inward, which in my case was an insightful revelation during prayer, to get the guidance you will need to survive this morbid future our technocratic designers have in mind. Once you have taken that time, that moment to look inside yourself and then seek the knowledge you will need, you are light years ahead of your Playstation Two playing, Jerry Springer lifestyle living, four car and a home in debt over their heads neighbor who has three kids, a wife, a girlfriend and a lifestyle which they model after all those reality television shows.
Come to think of it, when I think about those neighbors which we all seem to have encountered at some point in our lives, it makes me want to take a deep breath and take some action to give me peace of mind:
Excuse my while I inventory the Charmin.
By Josh Allen | Contributor to The Christian Science Monitor
Four years ago, after years spent working in construction administration, Viola Moss wanted to leave Florida. She was looking for a home that offered her and her family a chance to grow their own food and live free of dependence on society. But realtors kept showing her homes in retirement communities.
Ms. Moss finally found what she was looking for in a home in remote Libby, Mont.: room to raise crops, distance from big-city crime, and proximity to good hunting and fishing, just in case hard times – or a disaster – made food hard to come by. Knowing she wasn't alone in her desire to live a "prepared" lifestyle, Moss decided to turn her interests into a business and set up shop as a realtor herself.
Her offerings on survivalrealty.com include a five-acre, three-bedroom property with the trappings of practical survivalism: a 10,000-gallon cistern for cultivating organic fruit trees, a 250-foot fire hose, and a dual-use root cellar/fallout shelter with "essential living quarters" and a backup generator.
"I've had inquiries from people all over the country, from professionals – doctors, lawyers, commodity brokers – to blue-collar workers like mechanics and nurserymen," says Moss. "Some people really do want a lifestyle change."
Once seen as a radical and paranoid ideology, survivalism is expanding as a business, and growing fast.
Lehman's, an Ohio retailer of home self-sufficiency equipment, has recorded large sales increases, with water-pump sales up 95 percent and sales of home agriculture equipment up 50 percent from last fall. The growth is coming from across the preparedness spectrum, from the curious buyer to the serious die-hard, says Glenda Ervin, the firm's vice president of marketing.
Minnesota-based Safecastle, which markets home shelters for protection against disasters like hurricanes and chemical attacks, has seen revenues more than double since 2007, says founder Vic Rantala. KI4U Inc., a Texas-based seller of products like meals ready-to-eat, personal radiation-detection devices, and potassium iodide, a compound known to protect the body from some effects of radiation exposure, has seen business surge after the terrorist attack in Mumbai, India, a month ago.
"If most people think of a survivalist as an armed loner with extreme views – there are folks like that out there, but there are many more in America who are simply involved in preparing for down times, lean times, or disaster," says Mr. Rantala, a former US intelligence analyst. "It's logical. It's common sense."
The number of businesses marketing survival products is hard to pin down, in part because many are smaller, family-owned operations. The market for survival goods like agricultural tools, seeds, and emergency food, moreover, blends with growing consumer demand for homesteading products. Still, the emergence of preparedness-specific businesses and marketing suggests that survivalism is going strong.
"We have seen an increase in survival-related businesses," says Doug Ritter, executive director of the Equipped to Survive Foundation, a consumer advocacy organization that has been assessing survival gear since 1994.
Popular interest in survivalism took off in a big way in the late 1990s, amid concerns about the much-discussed Y2K computer bug said to threaten world information technology. Since then, Mr. Ritter says, newer businesses have entered the disaster-preparation market to provide a variety of goods and services to survive a range of crises.
"Fear is a factor that often draws people into preparedness," Rantala writes in an e-mail. "Pandemic, economic disaster, climate change, world war – these are some big-picture threats that some folks want to be able to counter."
Industry businesses' sales pitches are often equal parts professional marketing presentations and public service announcements. Survival skills author and instructor Cody Lundin has a website that includes a biography, video clips, training course descriptions, and a full-color résumé, complete with photo. Shane Connor, president of KI4U, distributes free nuclear-disaster survival guides, instructing people to keep rain ponchos, dust masks, and honey (a high-calorie food that doesn't spoil) on hand at all times.
While survivalist offerings expand, consumers often have different ideas of what exactly it means to "be prepared."
"I'll get one potential buyer who will say, 'I want to have a remote location,' and for him that means a house a couple miles out of town," says Moss, the realtor. "Then I'll get the guy who wants to be able only to hike into his location."
Such wide-ranging reactions are hardly surprising, says one expert, given that the crises survivalist goods are meant to address are as much a product of imagination as they are of real threats.
"The entrepreneurship of survival is nothing new," says Richard Mitchell Jr., professor emeritus at Oregon State University and author of "Dancing at Armageddon: Survivalism and Chaos in Modern Times." The narrative is that "there are troubles ahead, but 'just right' troubles, the kind survivalists have the means to confront ... imagined troubles always match the means at hand – or what is for sale to solve the problem."
As survivalist businesses grow in uncertain economic times, consumers new to the lifestyle might be overwhelmed by choices. Industry insiders suggest those preparing for the worst do their homework to find companies that put surviving disasters, not profit-making, at the core of their mission. Mr. Lundin estimates that only 5 percent of survivalist businesses are actually committed to living the lifestyle.
For Ritter, of Equipped to Survive, this means that people need to be serious about how they go about purchasing peace of mind. The recession might be cutting into paychecks and cheap survival gear ordered from a slick new website might seem like a great deal, he says, but in a disaster other considerations are more important. "There's a key question," he says. "Are you willing to bet your life on a piece of equipment?"
To do it 100% it would be a living hell I think personaly,- nothing at all from a shop -ever! Not even toiletries or perks like wine, vinegar, salt, nowt. Generating your own fuel, power etc, its just overwhelming. What about clothing etc, tools, do you make them out of the wool off your sheeps backs, walking round looking like some primitive! Dont think so, where do you draw the line? If theres anyone out there that reckons there 100% self sufficient there talking alot of B.S. , unless there a Hobo or live in a shack in the woods or some thing.Being moderatly self sufficient is very possible and achievable, growing/rearing/hunting/gathering the bulk of your food is very possible if you have a bit of land. Also producing extra produce to sell to pay rents/bills is do-able. Setting up and making your own fuel and power can be done, but you have to buy in the hardware dont you! Therefore not 100% self sufficient. I like to produce as much food as I can by gardening, or from the countryside, for my own consumption, as I belive it is a far healthier way of living. And I hate the supermarkets with a passion. I can produce better quality veg, and eggs and this year would like to raise a piglet for meat, than I could buy in any supermarket. Finding a happy medium is the way forward, do what you can, but I honestly belive that doing EVERYTHING yourself would be impossibel of time and wont work.
I am pretty much on the self sufficient path in learning to raise my own veg and hunting for meat, this coming year I need to learn to can my vegetables and some meat and those better storage for all seasons, less to be purchased other times of the year, everything else either in store or a freezer.I would like a larger Veg and Fruit garden in on my acreage. An to manage to get enough meat to feed the house and the dogs through shooting and fishing (I just dont have the right land to raise a calf however).
It's hard, don't get me wrong. You have to put the hours in 24/7. Do you benifit. only you can tell. Suits some, many others it's not for them.Anybody thinking of this life style think long and hard. It's not a Macho thing. It's a life style.It suit's me, that all I know.
Produce - grow vegetables, fruit, dairy, meat.
Hunt - animals for food, skins, etc.
Trade - your goods for someone else's stuff.
Buy - you pay for stuff with gold or junk silver.
Scavenge - you search and salvage.
Scavenging is not looting, stealing or raiding each of which is illegal, wrong and dangerous. For a few quick definitions..
Looters - exist immediately after law and order has broken down or is in the process of collapsing. Looters target businesses, stores and homes which have things they want and will take. Generally, looters avoid violence and direct confrontation depending instead upon mob mentality, confusion and panic to get what they want.
Bandits, thieves and robbers - Lie in wait along well traveled areas and target passersby. Bandits rarely travel far from where they make their living and will only move on when confronted with a larger and more deadly force.
Raiders - move and steal, killing and raping as they go. Raiders burn through food, fuel and ammo and have to constantly travel and raid to find more stuff. The worse of the post-SHTF vermin, the raider must be dealt with before they find your retreat.
But let's talk about scavenging. Scavenging is both a bottom feeder mindset but also a resourceful, adaptive past time. Scavenging means to search for and accqure goods and resources which have been abandoned, lost, left behind or overlooked by others.
The scavengers motto is "lost and found, finders keepers". Scavengers will go through the looted grocery store, warehouse or office park long after world has collapsed and the property owner has migrated or expired. Scavengers research and observe a potential find or area and verify that it is not inhabited or otherwise in the possession of others. Scavengers never kill or use force to take, only to defend what they have found and worked for.
Where the scavenger works
The scavenger works from a base of operations, his retreat, urban or rural. He has to have a central location where he lives and stocks his supplies.
The scavenger will target locations for salvage such as..
Warehouses and storage facilities
Businesses and offices
Government facilities, buildings or bases.
Interstate highways and roads for abandoned cars, trucks or other vehicles for fuel and cargo
Abandoned homes, farms or ranches
Tools of the trade
Scavenging typically means traveling light. While it is advantageous to have some sort of vehicle, powered or not, to carry large loads, the typical scavenging run means generally entails carrying as little as possible to the job and leaving with just what you can carry.
The scavenger needs the following tools:
Some sort of bag. A good backpack works, as well as having a few cloth or mesh bags for extras. Trashbags are OK for light salvage, pillow cases work as well.
A crowbar, multi-tool and knife.
Gloves, face mask and goggles are useful, especially the gloves.
Alone or in a group?
It is always best to buddy up when scavenging, for safety, communications and for effort. Whether it is to lift a heavy object or cover a large amount of space in a short time, going with more than one scavenger as a team is the best solution.
What to look for and where to look
Grocery stores - food obviously as well as anything else carried in a grocers. Check under the shelves, any piles of boxes or displays, the back of the store, and loading dock. Always remember that most grocers have offices and areas generally off limits to shoppers.
Gasoline stations - sure the tanks, but don't forget the store, closets, garage, out back and in any storage containers.
Offices, buildings and office parks - break rooms for vending machines, coffee, paper products, the refrigerator. Employee desks (most people keep food or snacks in desk as well as other goodies), storage closets for supplies and giveaways.
Highways and roads - Abandoned cars for fuel and goods left behind, trucks for fuel and cargo (most trucks are contract and unmarked), any highway or DOT storage warehouses or depots.
Abandoned houses - naturally food and supplies inside, but also check the garage, basement, attic, and outside for garden or fruit/nut trees.
In every building and vehicle, search for hidden storage spaces, compartments and trunks. Almost every place has a hidden storage area that other scavengers may have overlooked. Check under furniture or fixtures which seem too heavy to move. In air ducts and fireplaces. In bathrooms.
The good scavenger can have a profitable day no matter where he searches if he knows where to look, what to look for and how to do his job.
Most people do not keep them and it is a symbolic waste of time.
They pack the gym and buy the bikes. They put in the big order to Jenny Craig or Nutrisystem. They clean the "fat clothes" out of the closet. They make lists and stick them on the refrigerator door.
Come February, they are parked in front of the TV watching American Home Idol with the Stars and stuffing their faces with Twinkies and Diet Coke. The exercise bike holds clothes and the fridge door is covered with kid drawings and coupons.
However, with the new year staring in less than a week, it is time for all of us to take stock where we are today and what we need to be preparing for in 2009.
How about a Survivalist To Do List for 2009 rather than a bunch of silly resolutions?
1) Start building up a cash supply
Cash will be the mode of exchange for days, weeks or months before the ax finally falls on society. Even afterwards, some fool will still take a Ben Franklin for a can of beans or roll of toilet paper long after the fall.
Start cutting lunches and coffee out. Stop buying treats at the 7-11. Take your lunch to work. Quit smoking. You know, all the little ways to save $20,50 or 100.00 a week.
Put that cash in a jar or envelope in the house somewhere and don't touch it. Stick your pocket change in another jar, sort it for junk silver and roll it for more green backs. Put those back too.
2) Build that food supply
Food is king. And food is cheap. Cheaper than that rifle or truck you want. Food is readily available at the corner market or Super Wal Mart.
Start buying an extra 6 cans of something, 10 pounds of rice, a bag of sugar or flour and so forth every time you go to the market. Put everything into a five gallon bucket you can get at the hardware store. Label it, close it and stick in the back of the closet.
3) Keep your car filled
Gas runs the world despite what all the renewable blabber mouths say. Remember Katrina? All the people with a quarter tank of gas stranded on the interstate? Keep your car above three quarters of a tank. Now it is easier than ever that gasoline has dropped in price.
If you want, and this is your risk if you do, keep a five gallon can filled in the garage or car port.
For sure, get 3,4 or 5 empty gasoline containers and put them in the garage. I carry an empty five in the back of my truck for just in case.
4) Plant something you can eat
A corner of the yard, ten big containers, the flower beds out back, heck, the whole backyard. Plant some food as soon as the weather permits.
Grow tomatoes, cucumbers, potatoes, carrots, anything that can be eaten and is good for you.
While you are at it, plant a fruit or nut tree on your property as well if you can. Plant something now before next fall when the stores are empty.
5) Start cleaning out your house and getting rid of the clutter
Sell your surplus junk and make some extra money for preparedness supplies. Have a garage sale, Craiglist or Ebay it. FreeCycle for that pile of stuff nobody will pay you for. Someone will want it and free is good.
6) Start a real health and fitness program
Eat right - fruits, vegetables, whole grains and less red meat, fats and stupid carbohydrates (beer, cake, cookies, junk).
Go the doctor and get a full physical. Do what he says (short of loading up on prescriptions).
Start walking every day. Buy a second hand bike and ride it to work once a week if possible, and to the grocery store.
Integrate exercise into your daily life and you won't quit.
7) Get some more clothes
After the SHTF the most valuable asset after food will be clothes and shoes well fitted for the post-SHTF world. My kids love their video console, but the price of it, I could have bought 4 pairs of good jeans, or two pairs of work boots or a couple of sets of Carhardts.
Jeans, coats, work shoes, socks, underwear, etc. will be worth their weight in gold in the month after the big one. Go buy a few extra things as money permits.
8) Get a bug out bag for the car and office
Stock an old back pack or duffle with the following:
- change of clothes
- pair of sock
- walking shoes or boots
- 6 .5 liters of water
- A Camelback (1.5 liter)
- 6 protein bars
- 4 Ramen noodles
- 4 Oatmeal
- 6 tea bags
- Condiment packet including sugar, salt, pepper
- Lip balm, sunscreen and bug spray
- rain coat, folding poncho
- matches or lighter
- multi tool
Keep it in your office and another in your car.
9) Buy a gun
A .22, 9mm, 12 guage shotgun, bolt action rifle, etc.
Take it to a public range and practice shooting.
Buy enough ammunition as needed - 500 or 1000 rounds or more.
While never preaching that violence is best, having the means to defend your family and home is irreplaceable.
Not a specific action, but a list.
Stock water in bottles and containers.
Get a good water filter and replacement cartridges.
Find alternate sources of water where you live.. well, spring, creek, river, rain barrels.
Water is essential to life and you never have too much when you don't have any.
10.5) Start learning
Make an effort to learn new skills.
Learn to fix things yourself.
Learn to build things yourself.
Learn to do things like canning or gardening by putting practice into action.
Start reading things that will help you and your family survive and thrive in the new world.
Resolutions are a waste of time, but resolving to do better in the new year is not only smart, but may save your life.
Happy New Year