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Thursday, January 8, 2009

Wilderness Survival Priorities

Imagine suddenly finding yourself stranded in the wilderness. Perhaps your plane has crashed or you have become lost. Darkness is falling and you are on your own. Self extraction is out of the question.

Your next course of action could mean the difference between a miserable life threatening experience and reasonably comfortable survival.

In this Survival Topic we assume you are not grievously injured; that you can still function well enough to take care of yourself but need a survival guide outlining the essential steps you must take to survive in the wilderness.

Do the Most Important Survival Tasks First

Flailing around in the wilderness without a well thought out plan isn’t going to increase your chances for survival - but it could reduce them. Proper actions taken in proper sequence will enhance your ability to survive.

The first question you should ask yourself in this situation is “what are the most important survival tasks to be accomplished”?

Many survival guides provide some information about wilderness survival skills but dwell on excessive material devoted to finding food in survival situations. Often there is little consideration given to the important component of timing.

This one-dimensional approach to wilderness survival instruction gives many survival students the mistaken impression that finding food is the most important wilderness survival task. In reality, food acquisition is at the bottom of the list for things that need doing in most wilderness survival emergencies.

The proper order of tasks will take into account that which is most important to your immediate survival. You need a list of things to do; as each task is completed to satisfaction move on to the next in line of importance. In this way you will secure your survival in the environment you find yourself.

The remainder of this Survival Topic will provide step by step a list of the main survival skills you should apply in order to increase your chances of surviving in the wilderness.

First Survival Things First

Should you find yourself in a wilderness survival situation you have your work cut out for you. The first twenty-four hours are the most critical. Within this time frame you must satisfy your basic survival needs; only then is your survival usually assured.

Upon the often startling realization your survival is at stake, and assuming your current state of health is not life threatening, the first thing you need to do is do nothing.

That’s right, do “nothing”.

In spite of the often overwhelming urge to take immediate action in the early stages of a survival situation, usually the best thing you can do is take it easy. Have a seat and relax for a few moments. Lay down if that makes you more comfortable. If there is food and water available, have something to eat and drink. Make especially sure you are fully hydrated.

Take it easy. Quell any fears that may be welling up from within to pollute your mind. Remain calm and collected because you will only have yourself and your survival skills to rely upon until rescue arrives.

Take stock of your situation. You’ve been reading Survival Topics so you’ve got a good survival kit, you know what to do, and you and how to do it. Everything will be fine and soon enough you will be home telling all your friends about this great wilderness adventure.

Inventory Survival Supplies

Once you have complete charge of your thoughts, quickly inventory your situation. Consider the environment you find yourself in and the materials such as clothing, water, survival kit, and other survival gear you have available.

Every situation is different, but try to look about you with the eye of a MacGyver. Take stock of other items you can repurpose for survival. Depending upon the situation you may have parts available from your vehicle or aircraft such as mirrors (signaling), foam insulation from seat covers, wires (cordage), gasoline (fire), batteries (starting a fire) and other man-made materials.

Observe the natural resources you can utilize to help you survive. Sources of fuel for fire, water, and survival shelter are especially important. Try to locate yourself in an area where these survival resources are close at hand so that you expend a minimum amount of time and energy in gathering them.

Build a Survival Fire

Now that you have your head on straight, I suggest you build a fire. Fire has many uses beyond warmth, light, and signaling. Just the act of making a good campfire has a calming, morale boosting effect that will psychologically save you from yourself. This is very important; in any wilderness survival situation your mind is both your best asset and your worst stumbling block.

Once you make and maintain a good survival fire, you are assured of ample warmth, light, and an increased ability to signal for help. The boost to your morale that a camp fire causes will immediately be felt. With a good fire going, you can safely tackle the next important survival tasks.

However in many survival situations successfully making a fire can be problematic even if you have proper fire starting materials. Fuel is often wet or of poor quality. It may be raining or snowing and there may be high winds. Only through the experience of making many fires in a variety of situations will you master this most essential survival skill.

When you need it most, as in this situation, you will be glad you have honed your fire making skills by repeated practice. Survival Topics recommends your survival kit contains at least three methods of lighting a fire. For example waterproof matches, Swedish Firesteels, and butane lighters, so that if one method fails you still have two backups. Fire is so important to wilderness survival this redundancy in fire making gear could very well save your life.

I also recommend your survival kit contains a fire starting aid. Petroleum jelly firestarters or wax firesticks will be of great help in making a survival fire if the wood is green or damp.

A survival fire is relatively small; gathering fuel is time consuming and energy intensive. You do not want to unecessarily burn though material faster than you can gather it. Keep your smalll fire going while you move on to the next tasks.

Make a Survival Shelter

The next wilderness survival priority is shelter from the elements. Without a proper survival shelter you may be exposed to a variety of threats including heat, cold, wind, rain, snow, and pesky insects.

Do not make the mistake of relying upon current conditions to persist throughout your entire survival situation. It may be warm, sunny, and comfortable now, but in the middle of the night you do not want to be awakened by a raging storm totally unprepared.

If possible you have advantageously selected an area for your fire where shelter is already fully or partially integrated, and where there are plenty of building materials nearby. For example a rock overhang may make an excellent shelter and by making a fire a few yards away you may have a very comfortable setup.

If you have your survival kit, you can use your tarp to construct a protected area or even as the basis for a debris hut or snow trench shelter. The type of shelter you construct will depend upon climate, available materials, and your abilities. Once again, the wilderness survival skills you practiced before an actual survival emergency will serve you well.

Obtain Water

Many people do not fully understand the importance of adequate water intake. You can survive for weeks or even months with little or no food, but go without water for even just one day and your ability to carry out the tasks necessary for wilderness survival is greatly compromised. For more information, see the Survival Topics on How Long Can You Survive Without Water?

When you become dehydrated your efficiency is reduced in many ways. You will tire more easily. You will become susceptible to injury and the effects of cold or heat. Morale will drop and a host of other problems ensue.

Try to locate your shelter and fire near a good source of water. This will save you having to travel far to replenish your water supply. Areas near streams, lakes, and ponds are also likely places search and rescue is likely to look for you. In thick forests these areas are often more open than the surrounding countryside, which improves your ability to signal and to be seen.

Always consider water as suspect in quality. Survival Topics has a number of articles on how to make water safe to drink. Although many people now carry water filters, I teach that boiling water is by far the best method to destroy disease causing organisms in drinking water.

Survival Topics has dispelled the boiling-water-till-you-drop myth. Do not boil your water for ten minutes or longer as many misinformed sources erroneously expound. The myth of boiling water for inordinate lengths of time is stubbornly cherished and recirculated for years.

Boiling your water for any length of time merely wastes fuel and evaporates water. Simply bring your water to a boil; this is more than enough to destroy any pathogens that might do you harm. For more information see the highly acclaimed Survival Topic on How Long Do You Need to Boil Water?.


With your immediate physical needs taken care of you can turn your attention to signaling for rescue.

There are many ways to signal for help. Your Survival Topics survival kit should contain several items that will come in handy for this purpose.

A signal mirror can be used to flash aircraft and ground personnel from surprisingly great distances. Often a survival signal mirror can be fashioned from a piece of shiny metal or plastic. Some compasses have a mirror as part of the compass casing.

Every survival kit should contain a shrill survival whistle. The blast of a whistle can be heard further than the shout of a human voice. And importantly, you can blow a whistle at regular intervals all day but you cannot do the same with shouting; in very little time your voice will become strained and you will be unable to maintain the effort.

A smoky fire makes an excellent survival signaling device that can be seen and often smelled for miles in all directions. Keep a ready pile of green vegetation next to your campfire and throw it on should you hear the drone of an aircraft.

Extended Wilderness Survival

Now that you have fire, shelter, and plenty of drinkable water you know you can survive in the wilderness for many days if necessary. You have your signaling methods in place and you are safely awaiting rescue.

You can survive for many weeks just as you are but keep in mind that 95% of all wilderness survival emergencies are resolved within just 72-hours. The fact is you’ve got it made. You are now actually on a sort of adventure vacation.

Continue to keep your spirits up by taking action. While awaiting rescue keep yourself busy by improving your campsite. It will help your morale and increase your level of comfort. Improve your shelter and bedding, gather water and firewood, and keep vigilant for the opportunity to signal would-be rescuers.

Survival Food

You will become hungry going without food for more than several hours, but as long as you are properly sheltered, warm, and have enough to drink you will come out of this fine.

There are number of ways to obtain wild survival foods in nearly any wilderness situation. The Survival Topic Survival Foraging on the Move is an excellent example of the abundance of natural foods you can harvest in many wilderness areas. If you can drop your preconceived food prejudices you are often well on your way to having plenty to eat.

As with all the basic survival skills, the ability to find wild foods during a survival situation depends upon previous study and practice. Learn how to identify, harvest, and use the most important edible plants in the area you are traveling in. Think about the various methods you can use to harvest local wildlife. Be sure to cook anything that may contain parasites or disease causing organisms.

Your survival kit should contain the means to fish, trap and snare, cook, and create various tools and hunting gear. A good survival knife, 550 paracord, fishhooks and line will go far in helping you procure wild edible foods.

The skills and experience you have accumulated through practice will serve you well when it comes to finding survival food. Even without a survival kit you can usually figure out ways to utilize the materials you have available to aid in this effort.

It is important to note that plants and insects are often the easiest and most abundant foods to acquire. Fish are also often relatively easy to catch. But depending upon animals for food may be unreliable; hunting and trapping is not always an assured way of obtaining food on a day to day basis even by those with experience. The pursuit of animals can also be time and energy consuming and may even cause you to become separated from your campsite.

Recap of Wilderness Survival Steps

95% of wilderness survival situations are resolved within 72-hours either by outside rescue or self-extraction. What you do during the first 24-hours will largely determine your chances of survival. After the first day work on improving your situation:

  • First 24-hours
    • Take stock
    • Build a fire
    • Make a shelter
    • Obtain water
    • Set up signaling
  • Thereafter
    • Continue to improve your situation
    • Find food
Wilderness survival above all is using your best asset to full advantage: your mind. Stay calm and take positive action step by step one survival priority at a time and you will survive to see another day.

Original Article: http://www.survivaltopics.com/survival/wilderness-survival-priorities/

Rimfire Arsenal

The .22 rimfire is probably the world's most available, yet underrated cartridge. Familiar to anyone with any knowledge of firearms and ammo, the little .22LR is often overlooked by many shooters as only a plinking, training or small game round. Despite the lack of power when compared to other rounds, the .22 should be given careful consideration by survival planners.

A .22 rifle is one of the best, if not the best weapons, one can own for foraging in a survival situation, allowing the survivor to take small game and ever larger game with proper shot placement. Many deer have been reduced to possession, with nothing more than a well placed .22LR round behind the ear.

The round can also be used for limited self-defense at ranges of 125 yards or maybe even a little farther if one is a good shot. Granted the little .22 will be stretched for power and accuracy out past 75 yards, but hitting a human sized target would be a simple matter. A man hit with any type of weapon that causes damage, will have other things on his mind besides coming after you or moving closer to your position.

The .22LR ammo on the market today, is much more effective than only a few decades ago. High velocity rounds such as, Winchester Power Point, CCI Stinger, Yellow Jacket, Zapper etc., offer better on target performance and longer range than standard LR rounds, but with a loss of accuracy when shot from most rifles. My advice is to buy as many different brands of ammunition that you are able to find, test each in your chosen weapon, and stock up on the one you find to offer the best performance.

A good .22 rifle backed up with a center fire handgun could be the best choice for the survivalist, particularly those on a budget. Even if you plan to acquire other more powerful weapons a .22 rifle and center fire handgun combination is a good starting point.

Original Article: http://thesurvivalistblog.blogspot.com/2009/01/rimfire-arsenal.html

Product of the Day

Genuine Issue Magnesium Survival Fire Starter

Government Issue Aviation Magnesium Fire Starter. Made of solid magnesium with striker. Creates hottest natural fire on the planet. Even lights wet materials. Will start 1000's of fires and only measures 1/4" x 1/4" x 3". Includes key chain.

Link of the Day

Emergency Preparedness Guide

Is your Family Prepared?

Quote of the Day

We have provided for the survival of man against all enemies except his fellow man Lyman Lloyd Bryson


It used to be said that if one prepared for nuclear war than any other lesser disaster would already be manageable. To a degree that is correct. Other than a economic depression where our budding subterranean inhabitant lost his home and fall out shelter after he lost his job due to mass unemployment ( you did read yesterdays post, right? ), I can’t think of much that would trip up the nuke war prepper. If he followed the standard Bruce Clayton bible he was well armed and had plenty of food along with his shelter. But I would think even professionals making ten times my income would still need to get into debt for that and so this route is far from fool-proof. No survival preparedness plan is. The sorry fact is that we are forced to pick the event most likely to occur and plan for it. Resources are finite and must be allocated.

What kind of survivalist you are depends on your income, your level of paranoia and your inclination to dedicate your time. These factors can be intermixed. You might have plenty of money but little paranoia and so choose to just prepare for a few weeks of natural disaster living. Or you could be broke as a lawyers heart but extremely paranoid, believing peak oil will purge us into a vast Dark Ages and so devote a lot of time to learning Stone Age skills. But I think it safe to assume that we must all pick one scenario and plan for that. A stone age skill will see you through Peak Oil but if we see a dictatorship and all wilderness areas are forbidden to control rebels you can’t go out and survive in the woods ( unless of course you went up to Canada ). A month food supply and a shotgun will see you through another Katrina but not suffice for a asteroid hitting Earth.

I try not to limit myself to one grim future. I am equally convinced that not only will we see a nuclear war but also that Peak oil will shortly be on us and our country might see a dictatorship after an economic collapse. But I can’t prepare for it all. I can’t afford a fallout shelter that is energy self-sufficient while at the same time arming myself with semi-auto weapons and hoarding gold and silver. I could build an underground shelter out of wood pallets, plywood and plastic sheeting. Salvage windows from the dump and dig a rock filled pit to park my trailer over for solar heat. I could practice with my bolt actions enough to be able to be dangerous without a spray of lead downrange. And I could hold 1981 and previous pennies for copper coins and buy a few silver dimes at a time on an allowance. But I would be half-assing everything. Nothing would be done properly. Best to zero in on one disaster and prepare for it.

Climate Change- your primary worry is food, water and lack of petroleum. Your best bet is to be a homesteader. Out on a good piece of land with good water. Preferably with a perpetual wood supply. Otherwise a solar gain house is needed. This will be expensive but you need fertile soil. You will be growing all your own food. Some wheat for crop failures, some arms for hungry beggars and animal predators.
Nuclear War- fallout is going to get you. Forget worrying about marauders and government troops, most will be dead by the time you emerge. You need arms and ammo but a moderate amount will do. Luckily there is a wealth of old Civil Defense data on building shelters on the cheap. All your food must be stockpiled as irradiated ground won’t grow crops. A minimum of five years per person.
Peak Oil- oil supply will dwindle and our economic system will crash due to the entire system needing cheap energy to function. No more energy supplies or food coming in. Almost like the climate change homesteader but you need more guns and ammo to protect yourself against the huge lawless population that wants to steal what you have because their ghetto dwelling Uncle Sam handout taking butts were too lazy to work a job and buy supplies.

Dictatorship- yes it is true, the government is out to get us. A bit of food is going to be needed to avoid Stalin type starvation of dissenters, but what you really need are guns and ammo and reloading supplies and military manuals and equipment and training. You should be learning from the Viet Cong and Afghanis and Iraqi insurgents and learn to fight against the conventional military, but most will try to mimic the military in tactics.

Depression/Hyperinflation- while it would be nice to be on a farm, the most important thing is to own gold and silver as the dollar will be worthless. Food and guns are needed, but nothing excessive as society will still function. The main enemy is the bankers and the Federal Reserve. Have nothing in the financial market, even retirement. The banks will fail, only have real money which is precious metals.

Mad Max- pretty much just like a dictatorship. The need for massive arms. The difference is that you must have stashed food and water, as everyone is an enemy. They are all out to get you, civilians and military alike. The best defense is retreating up into the mountains or in the middle of a big desert with no roads nearby. So, bolt actions will work, just have plenty of ammo. Less militia like, more like a recluse.

Natural Disasters- the mild form of a survivalist. You just need a few weeks worth of supplies. A gun or two, lots of canned goods, a portable toilet, alternate lighting. About like camping but more fun as you don’t have to carry your supplies to the woods.

Retreater- you must work in the city to afford to prepare so you must own a retreat away from the city crowds. Not a cheap way to do things, but at least you can enjoy the good things in life waiting for the end to come.

Stone Ager- you know eventually it will all fall apart and as metal eventually rusts away to nothing the only true long term survival tools will be Stone Age. This is the cheapest way to prepare, you just need a few books and a lot of practice.

I think that covers just about everyone. Good luck picking your path to life and security.
Remember, www.BisonPress.com for my books on disc.

Original Article: http://bisonsurvivalblog.blogspot.com/2006/10/survival-niches.html


Emergency Essentials sells a #10 can of wheat for $7. It contains five pounds of wheat. Eaten alone it delivers 1500 calories a day for five days. This will suffice in an emergency diet. After shipping you are spending about eight dollars for the can, assuming you buy more than one can. Shipping is a straight $6 regardless of item up to a certain purchase amount. You should buy at least six cans at a time to decrease the cost of each item. They can be reached at
For twelve bucks you could buy a five gallon poly bucket with lid and fill it with thirty three pounds of wheat. But the goal here is to buy metal containers, safe from rodents. The less costly way is to buy a thirty gallon metal trash can ( I am assuming here that no cheap fifty five gallon drums are available locally for purchase that are safe for food storage ) for about twenty five dollars. It will hold about two hundred pounds of wheat. Your final cost is about $75 if you use diatomaceous earth as an insecticide. Times two gives you over a years supply of food for $150, safe from rodents and insects. The cost of that amount in poly buckets would be about $120. For an thirty extra dollars you are buying rodent protection.

If you can’t store such a large container you must buy the canned wheat from Emergency Essentials for $8 for a five day food supply. Now, I love that company. Over the years I have placed several orders and always been extremely pleased. They are the epitome of a well run, caring, customer orientated company. You could do worse than buying from them. But what if you can’t afford to pay $1.50 a pound for stored wheat? You want small sizes, you want rodent proofing and you want as cheap as possible. A lot of folks such as apartment dwellers or RV dwellers can’t store a big metal drum. And poly buckets are not the super cheap bargain they used to be at half the price as currently offered ( and with thinner lids now, no less ). When it was a lot cheaper you could excuse the occasional rodent loss. But with the current cost it seems silly to buy expensive wheat storage that is less than perfect.

The metal cans are perfect, except for one thing. They are rodent proof, being of metal. They are insect proof, being nitrogen packed. But they are expensive. It would cost you about $600 to buy 400 pounds of wheat this way. Four times the cost of the trash can. Yet the trash can is not insect proof. It is insect resistant, but not 100% proof. Clearly, to save money you need to have less than perfect storage. I would rather buy rodent proofing and have insect resistance. I trust the diatomaceous earth. It just might not be totally guaranteed. So, how do we lower the cost from factory canned wheat?

You can go to Lowe’s and buy a one gallon paint can for $3.48 plus tax. The one at Home Depot costs $3.88 plus tax. It will hold about six and a half pounds of wheat. Almost a weeks worth verses five days for the other. A marginal improvement to be sure, but one that might save your life one day. An extra day and a half of food per can. About a buck worth of feed store wheat will fill the can. Your cost is no more than five bucks even with a tablespoon or two of diatomaceous earth thrown in. Be sure to put a plastic grocery sack in first. I’m not sure what is coating the inside of the paint can but it can’t be good to have food on it.
The cost for a years worth would be $320. About half the cost of the commercially prepared canned wheat. Not 100% insect proof, but pretty darn close. Perhaps an acceptable risk considering the cost savings. If you were to buy a months supply at a time the one would cost you $50, the other $25.

Another way would be quart canning jars. True, they are glass and so more prone to breaking. But they can be used for actual canning after you eat the wheat from them. The paint cans can’t really be reused except for more wheat if you are growing your own. If you can buy a quart Mason jar with lid and ring for a dollar it will not cost much more than the paint cans. And if you own a vacuum sealer already you can buy a $5 attachment that sucks the air out of wide mouth canning jars. No insecticide to buy. And you can see if there is any infestation. Plus you can stack the boxes full of jars easily. Granted, you will need a bit over sixty jars per hundred pounds of wheat. But you would only have to buy a dozen at a time. Or buy all at once for a discount. A good idea if you plan on canning in the future. Not if they are going to be a disposable item after the wheat is gone. However, they could be a good barter item even if you don’t plan on canning yourself. Just something to think over.

The cheapest way to safely store wheat away from rodents is in used fifty five gallon drums. The drum and wheat will go for under $100 for 300 pounds. If you can’t find a drum, or just wish to store a little bit of metal protected wheat to insure against lose from your poly buckets, go with the paint cans or Mason jars. You only have to spend $25 to $50 at a time and it is cheap enough insurance. I myself have poly buckets, commercial canned, metal square cans, and now paint cans. You can’t have enough wheat or 303 rounds.

Original Article: http://bisonsurvivalblog.blogspot.com/2006/10/canned-wheat.html

The Importance of Safe Water in an Urban Survival Situation

By David Hardin

When preparing your household for a disaster nothing is more important than assuring an adequate supply of clean water. In our day to day existence, fresh water is so abundant and inexpensive that we tend to overlook its true importance in our lives.

The rule of three says that we can survive

three minutes without air,

three days without water,

three weeks without food.

Our bodies are made up of between 60 and 75 percent water. We must have water to survive.

Some natural disasters are slow to develop. Hurricanes, floods and winter emergencies usually give us enough time to set aside a supply of fresh water. Storing bottled water is your best bet, but do not wait until the last minute to buy it. When a disaster looms, water and toilet paper are two items that disappear from store shelves first.

If you have your own well, remember that hurricanes and floods can contaminate your water supply and cut off the electricity needed to bring water to your home. A severe winter emergency can freeze water pipes. If you are on a municipal water supply, tornadoes and earthquakes can disrupt water service, or make the quality suspect.

As a rule, figure on three gallons per day, per person. People who are ill, or injured, will require more water than healthy people.

Following a disaster we must be prepared to survive on our own for at least 72 hours. A family of four will need to set aside at least 36 gallons of water.

Even commercially bottled water becomes suspect over time. It should be stored in a cool, dark place. A basement is an ideal storage space.

Here are a few tips to assure a supply of water during an emergency.

Your hot water tank provides a supply of safe water. Shutting off the main valve to your water supply will keep the water from running back out of the lines through damaged pipes.

The standard bathtub in America holds 42 gallons of water. Clean and rinse your tub well, then wipe it down with a strong solution of unscented household chlorine bleach. Fill the tub and, as an added precaution, add 1/8 teaspoon, (8 drops) of bleach for each gallon of water. It is easier to remember 5 ¼ teaspoons per tub. This water can be used for cooking, bathing, dish washing and, if necessary, drinking.

If you are squeamish about using water from your bathtub, line the tub with a plastic drop cloth before you fill it.

Do not use water stored in your toilet tank without first disinfecting it.

If you are caught unprepared, any water is better than no water. Even cloudy or muddy water can be filtered, or allowed to settle, then poured off into another container and boiled briskly for one minute. When cool, add 1/8 teaspoon of bleach per gallon and let stand for 30 minutes.

The author is currently certified by the Emergency management Institute under the auspices of FEMA and The Department of Homeland Security. He has been actively involved in disaster preparedness and survival techniques for more than half a century. You can get free up-to-date downloads and information about all areas of Urban Survival at: http://www.davehardinonline.com/the1st72hours.html

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=David_Hardin

Start stockpilng food now!

You have precious little time left. Start gathering your supplies NOW. If not it will be too late. Check out the article below which highlights 10 steps to take now in order to prepare for the coming crises.

10 Steps For Starting Your Food Storage
By Jodi Moore

Building up a food storage supply can feel like a daunting task. What do you store? How much of it? How the heck do you use wheat? Where do you buy these items? And how do you store it all? All of these questions come to mind when you try to get started. I have split the process up into ten simple baby steps which will hopefully make the task feel less overwhelming.

Getting Started: Put together 72 hour kits for you whole family, have an emergency plan in place, organize your space to ensure you have a large, clean storage area.

Step 1: Determine which type of shelf system you want to use and purchase them. You can do anything from building your own wooden shelves, buying inexpensive plastic or metal shelves from Wal-Mart, or buy a fancy can rotation system from Shelf Reliance.

Step 2: Store a 2 week's supply of water (1 gallon per person per day). You can buy 55 gallon barrels, get several 5-6 gallon jugs, or fill up empty soda/juice bottles. Just make sure it is food grade plastic, and milk jugs don't count!

Step 3: Purchase a three month's of foods you normally eat. You can come up with meal plans for the whole 90 days, or simply buy extras of the things you use a lot. Don't deplete these stores even though it will be tempting.

Step 4: Educate yourself on long term food storage and determine the types of foods, recipes, etc. your family will want to make. Use an online tool or spreadsheet to figure out the actual amounts of each food you are planning to store for a year supply of food. (can start with 3 month and move up to 1 year eventually). I highly recommend trackmyfoodstorage.com and everydayfoodstorage.blogspot.com for help on this step.

Step 5: Purchase your grains and learn how to use them: wheat, corn, barley, rice, pasta, etc.

Step 6: Purchase your legumes and learn how to use them: dried beans, bean soup mixes, lentils, soy beans, etc.

Step 7: Purchase items necessary for baking such as oil, sugar, etc.

Step 8: Purchase or preserve fruits and vegetables to supplement your core foods.

Step 9: Purchase any comfort foods that would be pleasant to have should you be forced to live off your food storage for a long time. This could be things such as hot chocolate, pickles, jell-o, salsa, spices, etc.

Step 10: Purchase non-food item necessities such as toothpaste, deodorant, female products, diapers, etc. Also paper plates, plastic utensils, etc. are nice to avoid wasting precious water in an emergency.

Once you have finished these steps you can move on to more complex survival issues such as heat/cooking sources, long term water solutions, growing your own foods, etc. But just remember, even accomplishing up to step 3 will put you in a far better position than most of the country should an emergency arise. Get that much done immediately and then take your time to truly figure out the more difficult long term food storage concepts.

To learn more about setting up your family's food storage program please visit our blog at http://foodstoragemadeeasy.net/ and we will walk you through the Baby Steps in greater detail.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Jodi_Moore

Must have telephone number

Just leave it up to Google to come up with something like this.

Here's a number worth putting in your cell phone, or your home phone speed dial: 1-800-goog411 or 1-800-466-4411. This is an awesome service from Google, and it's free -- great when you are on the road. Don't waste your money on information calls and don't waste your time manually dialing the number. I am driving along in my car and I need to call the golf course and I don't know the number. I hit the speed dial for information that I have programmed (1-800-goog411). The voice at the other end says, " say the name of the business and the 'City & State/Province.' I say, "Railway Cafe' Delmar , Delaware ..' He says, 'Connecting' and Railway Cafe or New Place answers the phone. How great is t hat? This is nationwide and it is absolutely free!

Click on the link below and watch the short clip for a quick demonstration.


Original at: http://www.survival-training.info/articles6/Musthavetelephonenumber.htm